Spanish Verb Conjugation: Imperfect Tense: ER &amp

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Verbs

Imperfect Tense Forms

Imperfect Tense Forms

Quick Answer

The Spanish imperfect tense (el imperfecto   ) is used to describe past habitual actions or to talk about what someone was doing when they were interrupted by something else.

Regular Imperfect Forms

There are only two sets of endings for regular imperfect verbs in Spanish, one for -ar verbs and one for both -er and -ir verbs.

To conjugate a regular verb in the imperfect tense in Spanish, simply remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add the imperfect ending that matches the subject.

Check out the table of regular imperfect endings below.

Regular Imperfect Verb Endings

Subject-ar Verbs-er and -ir Verbs
yo-aba-ía
-abas-ías
él, ella, usted-aba-ía
nosotros-ábamos-íamos
vosotros-abais-íais
ellos, ellas, ustedes-aban-ían

Irregular Imperfect Forms

There are only three verbs with irregular conjugations in the imperfect: ir, ser, and ver. Here they are!

Irregular Imperfect Conjugations

SubjectIr (to go)Ser (to be)Ver (to see)
yo

iba

 


era

 


veía

 


ibas

 


eras

 


veías

 

él, ella, usted

iba

 


era

 


veía

 

nosotros

íbamos

 


éramos

 


veíamos

 

vosotros

ibais

 


erais

 


veíais

 

ellos, ellas, ustedes

iban

 


eran

 


veían

 

Uses of the Imperfect Tense

In general, the imperfect is used to talk about past actions, conditions, or events that occurred habitually or repeatedly or that were in progress at a point in the past. It is also used to tell time, talk about dates, give a person’s age, and describe characteristics, conditions, and feelings in the past. Read on for more about these uses of the imperfect.

1. Habitual or Repeated Actions

Habitual or repeated actions are those that were done over and over in the past. These are often things a person used to or would do.

Almorzábamos cada día.
We used to eat lunch together every day.

 

Todos los sábados las mujeres iban de compras.
Every Saturday the ladies would go shopping.

 

2. Actions that Were in Progress in the Past

It’s quite common to see the imperfect used to talk about something that was happening when something else occurred. It’s also used for actions that continued in the past for an unspecified period of time.

When talking about a past action in progress that was interrupted, the action in progress is in the imperfect, while the interrupting action is in the preterite . For more on the differences between the preterite and the imperfect, check out this article !

Iba a clase cuando sonó el teléfono.
I was going to class when the telephone rang.

 

Mi papá cocinaba cuando entré a casa.
My dad was cooking when I came in the house.

 

A veces le dolían las manos y las piernas.
Sometimes her hands and feet ached.

 

3. Times and Dates

The imperfect is used to talk about times and dates in the past.

Eran las tres de la tarde.
It was three o’clock in the afternoon.

 

Era el 9 de mayo.
It was May 9th.

 

4. Age

The imperfect is commonly used to talk about age in the past.

La niña tenía 4 años.
The little girl was 4 years old.

 

Los perros tenían dos años cuando los adopté.
The dogs were two years old when I adopted them.

 

5. Descriptions of Characteristics, Conditions, and Feelings

The imperfect is used to give descriptions in the past, especially those that set the scene in terms of the senses.

Mi profesor era alto y tenía el pelo ondulado.
My professor was tall and had wavy hair.

 

El campo era bello.
The countryside was beautiful.

 

Hacía calor esa noche.
It was hot that night.

 

Me sentía feliz con mi trabajo nuevo.
I was happy with my new job.

 

Quería mudarme a otro país.
I wanted to move to another country.

 

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French Verbs Are Accessible

The Imperfect Tense

Imperfect Tense Instruction

  • Previous Module
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In this module we will study another past tense, the Imparfait (the Imperfect), which is easy to learn because there is only one irregular verb (être).

How to Conjugate Verbs in the Imparfait:

  1. The stem consists of the first-person plural (nous) form of the present tense without the o n s ending.
  2. Add the following endings to the stem: a i s, a i s, a i t, i o n s, i e z, a i e n t. All of the singular and the third-person plural endings are pronounced the same way.

Listen carefully to your screen reader pronounce the verb parler conjugated in the Imparfait.

ParlerEnglish Translation
Je parlaisI used to speak, was speaking
Tu parlaisYou — familiar– used to speak, were speaking
Il, elle, on parlaitHe, she, one used to speak, was speaking
Nous parlionsWe used to speak, were speaking
Vous parliezYou used to speak, were speaking
Ils, elles parlaientThey used to speak, were speaking

Following are a few more examples.

Subject PronounEtudierChoisirBoirePrendre
j(e)étudiaischoisissaisbuvaisprenais
tuétudiaischoisissaisbuvaisprenais
il, elle, onétudiaitchoisissaitbuvaitprenait
nousétudiionschoisissionsbuvionsprenions
vousétudiiezchoisissiezbuviezpreniez
ils, ellesétudiaientchoisissaientbuvaientprenaient
  1. Did you notice the two i’s in the nous and vous forms of étudier? This happens in all verbs whose infinitive ends in i e r.
  2. The only irregular verb in the Imparfait is être.
EtreEnglish Translation
J’étaisI was
Tu étaisYou — familiar– were
Il, elle, on étaitHe, she, one was
Nous étionsWe were
Vous étiezYou were
Ils, elles étaientThey were
  1. When conjugating verbs whose infinitive ends in g e r, such as manger and voyager, place an e before all endings except the first and second-person plural: je mangeais, tu voyageais, but vous mangiez. This is done to preserve the soft g sound.
  2. When conjugating verbs whose infinitive ends in c e r, such as commencer and placer, place a cedilla under the c before all endings except the first and second-person plural: je commençais, tu plaçais, but vous commenciez. This is done to preserve the soft c sound.

When is the Imparfait used?

  1. The imparfait describes actions that occurred habitually in the past. It tells what you used to do or would do repeatedly. Here are a couple of examples:
Verb in the imparfaitEnglish Translation
J’allais au cinéma tous les samedis.I used to go to the movies on Saturdays.
Pierre rentrait à la maison vers cinq heures.Pierre used to return home around 5 o’clock.

Compare these examples with the following which are very similar except that the verbs are in the passé compos&eacute.

Verb in the passé composéEnglish Translation
Je suis allé au cinéma samedi.I went to the movies on Saturday.
Pierre est rentré à la maison vers cinq heures.Pierre returned home around 5 o’clock.

In the latter sentences in which the verbs are in the passé compos&eacute, the actions were performed once, whereas in the examples in which the verbs are in the imparfait, the actions took place repeatedly in the past.

  1. Another use of the imparfait is to describe a state of being or an action that existed at some time in the past without indicating a specific beginning or end. Here are a few examples:
Verb in the imparfaitEnglish Translation
Elle était triste.She was sad.
Ils se promenaient à la campagne.They used to walk in the country.
Quand j’étais jeune, j’habitais à Montréal.When I was young, I used to live in Montreal.
  1. The Imparfait is also used to describe two simultaneous past actions: Il parlait au téléphone pendant que je faisais la cuisine (He was talking on the telephone while I was cooking.).
© Jane N. Lippmann
Department of French and Italian
The University of Texas at Austin
Updated March 2006

  • Introduction
  • Present
  • Commands
  • Passé Composé
  • Imperfect
  • Near Future
  • Future
  • Conditional
  • Subjunctive
  • Review
  • Table of Contents

Intro2Spanish.com


Spanish
Verb Conjugation: Indicative Mood: Imperfect Tense



Imperfect
Tense: ER & IR Verbs



©RCAguilar




OBJECTIVE:
Be
able to describe situations that were going
on in the past, activities that were relatively
repetitive.
TASK:
Learn
the endings and apply them to as many ER &
IR verbs as you know.

PERPLEXED?
No
you’re not. You just don’t wanna work on it,
that’s all!


Is
there anything hard about this tense?

Nope.
The
only irregular verbs at all in the imperfect tense are
ir,
ser
, & ver.
And they’re not on this page.
When
you’re doing verbs with these endings, picture events
as moving right along, with no beginning and no end in
sight. Those factors remain irrelevant.
If
an event occurs during one of these listed activites (what
you’re talking about in the imperfect), that action will
be stated in the preterite.

As
in, PUM! … it happened!


 


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VERB
CONJUGATION

Indicative Mood

Present Tense
Regular -ar Verbs
Regular -er Verbs
Regular -ir Verbs
Stem e ->
ie
Stem o ->
ue
Stem e -> i
Stem iar: i ->
Stem uar: u ->
Stem uir: i ->
y
Stem ger/gir: g -> j
Yo form -oy
Yo form -zco
Yo form -go

Imperfect
Tense
AR Verbs
ER & IR Verbs

Preterite
Tense
Regular AR Verbs
Ending -car
Ending -gar
Ending -zar
ER/IR Verbs
ER/IR
Verbs vowel Stem
IR
Stem-changers
Irregular
Stems

Future Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular
Stems

Conditional
Tense
Regular Verbs
Irregular
Stems

Progressive Tenses

Perfect Tenses


Reference

Subject
Pronouns

yo
nosotros
nosotras
tú*
vosotros
vosotras
él
ella
Usted
ellos
ellas
Ustedes
*In
some countries in Central & South America
vos
is used instead of .



Reflexive
Pronouns

menos
teos
sese



Direct
Object Pronouns

menos
teos
lo
la
lo/la
los
las
los/las



Indirect
Object Pronouns

menos
teos
leles

Imperfect
Tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation
 

Most
ER & IR verbs are not affected by irregularities
in any way in the formation of the imperfect
tense.

The
only irregular verbs in the imperfect
tense in Spanish are ir,
ser, &
ver.
All
other verbs follow the patterns included
in this section.
Stem
changes that occur in the present tense
DO NOT AFFECT the imperfect tense.

yo-ía nosotros,
nosotras
-íamos
-ías vosotros,
vosotras
-íais
él,
ella, Usted
-ía ellos,
ellas, Ustedes
-ían


ignore
ER comer to
eat
essen
conocer

(
-zco )
to
meet, know
kennenlernen
deber to
owe, “should”
schulden,
sollen
entender

(e
-> ie)
to
understand
kapieren
hacer

(
-go )
to
do, make
machen,
tun
volver

(o
-> ue)
to
return, go back
zurückkehren
IR abrir to
open
öffnen
decidir to
decide
entscheiden
dormir

(o
-> ue)
to
sleep
schlafen
introducir

(
-zco )
to
introduce
vorstellen
pedir

(e
-> i)
to
request, ask for
bitten
venir

(
-go, e -> ie )
to
come
kommen

To
make the imperfect forms, drop the –er
or –ir from
the end of the infinitive and add the endings
given above.
To
see the imperfect tense conjugated forms
of these verbs, click on a pronoun below:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Yo
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ía
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what I would
often do:
At
some point in the past, I used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíaI
would eat
I
used to eat
I
was eating
ich
conocerconocíaI
would get to know
I
used to know
I
was familiar with
ich
lernte kennen
deberdebíaI
would be supposed to
I
used to ought to
I
was supposed to
ich
sollte, schuldete
entenderentendíaI
would understand
I
used to understand
I
was understanding
ich
kapierte
hacerhacíaI
would do
I
used to make, do
I
was making, doing
ich
machte, tat
volvervolvíaI
would return
I
used to go back
I
used to return
ich
kehrte zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríaI
would open
I
used to open
I
was opening
ich
öffnete
decidirdecidíaI
would decide
I
used to decide
I
was deciding
ich
entschied
dormirdormíaI
would sleep
I
used to sleep
I
was sleeping
ich
schlief
introducirintroducíaI
would introduce
I
used to introduce
I
was introducing
ich
stellte vor
pedirpedíaI
would request
I
used to ask for
I
was requesting
ich
bat
venirveníaI
would come
I
used to come
I
was coming
ich
kam

The
pronoun YO needs to be stated more
frequently in the imperfect tense, because
the same form is used for él,
ella,
& Usted.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with YO being the subject, you can
leave it out.
The
YO becomes understood, because of
the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:


YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation


form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ías
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what you
would often do:
At
some point in the past, you used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíasyou
would eat
you
used to eat
you
were eating
du
aßest
conocerconocíasyou
would get to know
you
used to know
you
were familiar with
du
lerntest kennen
deberdebíasyou
would be supposed to
you
used to ought to
you
were supposed to
du
solltest, schuldetest
entenderentendíasyou
would understand
you
used to understand
you
were understanding
du
kapiertest
hacerhacíasyou
would do
you
used to make, do
you
were making, doing
du
machtest, tatest
volvervolvíasyou
would return
you
used to go back
you
used to return
du
kehrtest zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríasyou
would open
you
used to open
you
were opening
du
öffnetest
decidirdecidíasyou
would decide
you
used to decide
you
were deciding
du
entschiedest
dormirdormíasyou
would sleep
you
used to sleep
you
were sleeping
du
schliefst
introducirintroducíasyou
would introduce
you
used to introduce
you
were introducing
du
stelltest vor
pedirpedíasyou
would request
you
used to ask for
you
were requesting
du
batst
venirveníasyou
would come
you
used to come
you
were coming
du
kamst

The
pronoun never needs to be used,
since this form can only imply a
familiar you
.


A
look at other forms:

YO


ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Él
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ía
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what he
would often do:
At
some point in the past, he used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíahe
would eat
he
used to eat
he
was eating
er
conocerconocíahe
would get to know
he
used to know
he
was familiar with
er
lernte kennen
deberdebíahe
would be supposed to
he
used to ought to
he
was supposed to
er
sollte, schuldete
entenderentendíahe
would understand
he
used to understand
he
was understanding
er
kapierte
hacerhacíahe
would do
he
used to make, do
he
was making, doing
er
machte, tat
volvervolvíahe
would return
he
used to go back
he
used to return
er
kehrte zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríahe
would open
he
used to open
he
was opening
er
öffnete
decidirdecidíahe
would decide
he
used to decide
he
was deciding
er
entschied
dormirdormíahe
would sleep
he
used to sleep
he
was sleeping
er
schlief
introducirintroducíahe
would introduce
he
used to introduce
he
was introducing
er
stellte vor
pedirpedíahe
would request
he
used to ask for
he
was requesting
er
bat
venirveníahe
would come
he
used to come
he
was coming
er
kam

The
pronoun ÉL needs to be stated
more frequently in the imperfect tense,
because the same form is used for yo,
ella,
& Usted.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with ÉL being the subject,
you can leave it out.
The
ÉL becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO

ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Ella
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ía
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what she
would often do:
At
some point in the past, she used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíashe
would eat
she
used to eat
she
was eating
sie
conocerconocíashe
would get to know
she
used to know
she
was familiar with
sie
lernte kennen
deberdebíashe
would be supposed to
she
used to ought to
she
was supposed to
sie
sollte, schuldete
entenderentendíashe
would understand
she
used to understand
she
was understanding
sie
kapierte
hacerhacíashe
would do
she
used to make, do
she
was making, doing
sie
machte, tat
volvervolvíashe
would return
she
used to go back
she
used to return
sie
kehrte zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríashe
would open
she
used to open
she
was opening
sie
öffnete
decidirdecidíashe
would decide
she
used to decide
she
was deciding
sie
entschied
dormirdormíashe
would sleep
she
used to sleep
she
was sleeping
sie
schlief
introducirintroducíashe
would introduce
she
used to introduce
she
was introducing
sie
stellte vor
pedirpedíashe
would request
she
used to ask for
she
was requesting
sie
bat
venirveníashe
would come
she
used to come
she
was coming
sie
kam

The
pronoun ELLA needs to be stated more
frequently in the imperfect tense, because
the same form is used for yo,
él,
& Usted.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with ELLA being the subject, you
can leave it out.
The
ELLA becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL

ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Usted
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ía
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what you
would often do:
At
some point in the past, you used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíayou
would eat
you
used to eat
you
were eating
Sie
aßen
conocerconocíayou
would get to know
you
used to know
you
were familiar with
Sie
lernten kennen
deberdebíayou
would be supposed to
you
used to ought to
you
were supposed to
Sie
solltem, schuldetem
entenderentendíayou
would understand
you
used to understand
you
were understanding
Sie
kapierten
hacerhacíayou
would do
you
used to make, do
you
were making, doing
Sie
machten, taten
volvervolvíayou
would return
you
used to go back
you
used to return
Sie
kehrten zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríayou
would open
you
used to open
you
were opening
Sie
öffneten
decidirdecidíayou
would decide
you
used to decide
you
were deciding
Sie
entschieden
dormirdormíayou
would sleep
you
used to sleep
you
were sleeping
Sie
schliefen
introducirintroducíayou
would introduce
you
used to introduce
you
were introducing
Sie
stellten vor
pedirpedíayou
would request
you
used to ask for
you
were requesting
Sie
baten
venirveníayou
would come
you
used to come
you
were coming
Sie
kamen

The
pronoun USTED needs to be stated
more frequently in the imperfect tense,
because the same form is used for yo,
él,
& ella.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with USTED being the subject, you
can leave it out.
The
USTED becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA

USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Nosotros
& Nosotras form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-íamos
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what we
would often do:
At
some point in the past, we used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíamoswe
would eat
we
used to eat
we
were eating
wir
aßen
conocerconocíamoswe
would get to know
we
used to know
we
were familiar with
wir
lernten kennen
deberdebíamoswe
would be supposed to
we
used to ought to
we
were supposed to
wir
sollten, schuldeten
entenderentendíamoswe
would understand
we
used to understand
we
were understanding
wir
kapierten
hacerhacíamoswe
would do
we
used to make, do
we
were making, doing
wir
machten, taten
volvervolvíamoswe
would return
we
used to go back
we
used to return
wir
kehrten zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríamoswe
would open
we
used to open
we
were opening
wir
öffneten
decidirdecidíamoswe
would decide
we
used to decide
we
were deciding
wir
entschieden
dormirdormíamoswe
would sleep
we
used to sleep
we
were sleeping
wir
schliefen
introducirintroducíamoswe
would introduce
we
used to introduce
we
were introducing
wir
stellten vor
pedirpedíamoswe
would request
we
used to ask for
we
were requesting
wir
baten
venirveníamoswe
would come
we
used to come
we
were coming
wir
kamen

As
far as dealing with the pronoun, clarification
needs to be made concerning the gender of
the WE.
Once
it is clear that the conversation concerns
NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS, the
pronoun can then be left out.
The
NOSOTROS or NOSOTRAS becomes
understood, because of the ending and the
context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED

NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Vosotros
& Vosotras form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-íais
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what y’all
would often do:
At
some point in the past, y’all used to do
this but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíaisy’all
would eat
y’all
used to eat
y’all
were eating
ihr
aßt
conocerconocíaisy’all
would get to know
y’all
used to know
y’all
were familiar with
ihr
lerntet kennen
deberdebíaisy’all
would be supposed to
y’all
used to ought to
y’all
were supposed to
ihr
solltet, schuldetet
entenderentendíaisy’all
would understand
y’all
used to understand
y’all
were understanding
ihr
kapiertet
hacerhacíaisy’all
would do
y’all
used to make, do
y’all
were making, doing
ihr
machtet, tatet
volvervolvíaisy’all
would return
y’all
used to go back
y’all
used to return
ihr
kehrtet zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríaisy’all
would open
y’all
used to open
y’all
were opening
ihr
öffnetet
decidirdecidíaisy’all
would decide
y’all
used to decide
y’all
were deciding
ihr
entschiedet
dormirdormíaisy’all
would sleep
y’all
used to sleep
y’all
were sleeping
ihr
schlieft
introducirintroducíaisy’all
would introduce
y’all
used to introduce
y’all
were introducing
ihr
stelltet vor
pedirpedíamosy’all
would request
y’all
used to ask for
y’all
were requesting
ihr
batet
venirveníaisy’all
would come
y’all
used to come
y’all
were coming
ihr
kamt

As
far as dealing with the pronoun, clarification
needs to be made concerning the gender of
the Y’ALL.
Once
it is clear that the conversation concerns
VOSOTROS or VOSOTRAS, the
pronoun can then be left out.
The
VOSOTROS or VOSOTRAS becomes
understood, because of the ending and the
context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS

VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Ellos
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ían
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what they
would often do:
At
some point in the past, they used to do
this but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíanthey
would eat
they
used to eat
they
were eating
sie
aßen
conocerconocíanthey
would get to know
they
used to know
they
were familiar with
sie
lernten kennen
deberdebíanthey
would be supposed to
they
used to ought to
they
were supposed to
sie
sollten, schuldeten
entenderentendíanthey
would understand
they
used to understand
they
were understanding
sie
kapierten
hacerhacíanthey
would do
they
used to make, do
they
were making, doing
sie
machten, taten
volvervolvíanthey
would return
they
used to go back
they
used to return
sie
kehrten zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríanthey
would open
they
used to open
they
were opening
sie
öffneten
decidirdecidíanthey
would decide
they
used to decide
they
were deciding
sie
entschieden
dormirdormíanthey
would sleep
they
used to sleep
they
were sleeping
sie
schliefen
introducirintroducíanthey
would introduce
they
used to introduce
they
were introducing
sie
stellten vor
pedirpedíanthey
would request
they
used to ask for
they
were requesting
sie
baten
venirveníanthey
would come
they
used to come
they
were coming
sie
kamen

The
pronoun ELLOS is stated frequently
in the imperfect tense, as the same form
is used for ellas
& ustedes.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with ELLOS being the subject, you
can leave it out.
The
ELLOS becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS

ELLOS
ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Ellas
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ían
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what they
would often do:
At
some point in the past, they used to do
this but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíanthey
would eat
they
used to eat
they
were eating
sie
aßen
conocerconocíanthey
would get to know
they
used to know
they
were familiar with
sie
lernten kennen
deberdebíanthey
would be supposed to
they
used to ought to
they
were supposed to
sie
sollten, schuldeten
entenderentendíanthey
would understand
they
used to understand
they
were understanding
sie
kapierten
hacerhacíanthey
would do
they
used to make, do
they
were making, doing
sie
machten, taten
volvervolvíanthey
would return
they
used to go back
they
used to return
sie
kehrten zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríanthey
would open
they
used to open
they
were opening
sie
öffneten
decidirdecidíanthey
would decide
they
used to decide
they
were deciding
sie
entschieden
dormirdormíanthey
would sleep
they
used to sleep
they
were sleeping
sie
schliefen
introducirintroducíanthey
would introduce
they
used to introduce
they
were introducing
sie
stellten vor
pedirpedíanthey
would request
they
used to ask for
they
were requesting
sie
baten
venirveníanthey
would come
they
used to come
they
were coming
sie
kamen

The
pronoun ELLAS needs to be stated
more frequently in the imperfect tense,
because the same form is used for ellos
& ustedes.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with ELLAS being the subject, you
can leave it out.
The
ELLAS becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS

ELLAS
USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top

Imperfect
tense: – ER
& – IR
verb conjugation

Ustedes
form


To
make this form, drop the -er
or -ir or
from the end of the infinitive and add
-ían
to the stem.

At
some point in the past, this is what you
would often do:
At
some point in the past, you used to do this
but may not be able to any more:
At
some point in the past, this was the scenario
for an event to take place:

deutsch
ER
comercomíanyou
would eat
you
used to eat
you
were eating
Sie
aßen
conocerconocíanyou
would get to know
you
used to know
you
were familiar with
Sie
lernten kennen
deberdebíanyou
would be supposed to
you
used to ought to
you
were supposed to
Sie
sollten, schuldeten
entenderentendíanyou
would understand
you
used to understand
you
were understanding
Sie
kapierten
hacerhacíanyou
would do
you
used to make, do
you
were making, doing
Sie
machten, taten
volvervolvíanyou
would return
you
used to go back
you
used to return
Sie
kehrten zurück
 
IR 
abrirabríanyou
would open
you
used to open
you
were opening
Sie
öffneten
decidirdecidíanyou
would decide
you
used to decide
you
were deciding
Sie
entschieden
dormirdormíanyou
would sleep
you
used to sleep
you
were sleeping
Sie
schliefen
introducirintroducíanyou
would introduce
you
used to introduce
you
were introducing
Sie
stellten vor
pedirpedíanyou
would request
you
used to ask for
you
were requesting
Sie
baten
venirveníanyou
would come
you
used to come
you
were coming
Sie
kamen

The
pronoun USTEDES needs to be stated
more frequently in the imperfect tense,
because the same form is used for ellos
& ellas.
Once
it is clear that the conversation is continuing
with USTEDES being the subject, you
can leave it out.
The
USTEDES becomes understood, because
of the ending and the context of the conversation.


A
look at other forms:

YO
ÉL
ELLA
USTED
NOSOTROS
VOSOTROS
ELLOS
ELLAS

USTEDES

More
information concerning the imperfect tense
Back
to Top