Rubidium chloride Rubidium chloride

Rubidium chloride Rubidium chloride

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Rubidium Chloride

CAS #:

7791-11-9

Linear Formula:

RbCl

MDL Number:

MFCD00011187

EC No.:

232-240-9
Email SDS

[X]

ORDER

PRODUCT Product Code ORDER SAFETY DATA TECHNICAL DATA
(2N) 99% Rubidium Chloride
RB-CL-02
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(3N) 99.9% Rubidium Chloride
RB-CL-03
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(4N) 99.99% Rubidium Chloride
RB-CL-04
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
(5N) 99.999% Rubidium Chloride
RB-CL-05
Pricing > SDS > Data Sheet >
WHOLESALE/SKU 0000-742-443
Question? Ask an American Elements Engineer

Rubidium Chloride Properties (Theoretical)

Compound Formula ClRb
Molecular Weight 120.92
Appearance White crystals/crystalline powder
Melting Point 715 °C
Boiling Point 1,390 °C
Density 2.8 g/cm3
Solubility in H2O 77 g/100g H2O
Crystal Phase / Structure FCC
Specific Heat 423 J·kg·m-1·K-1
Thermal Conductivity 7.6 W·m-1·K-1
Thermal Expansion 36 X 10-6 at 300K
Exact Mass 119.880642
Monoisotopic Mass 119.880642

Rubidium Chloride Health & Safety Information

Signal Word N/A
Hazard Statements N/A
Hazard Codes N/A
Precautionary Statements N/A
Flash Point Not applicable
Risk Codes N/A
Safety Statements N/A
RTECS Number VL8575000
Transport Information NONH
WGK Germany 2

View and Print SDS

Print to PDF

SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date Accessed: 12/04/2018
Date Revised: 05/15/2015

SECTION 1. IDENTIFICATION

Product Name: Rubidium Chloride

Product Number: All applicable American Elements product codes, e.g. RB-CL-02
, RB-CL-03
, RB-CL-04
, RB-CL-05

CAS #: 7791-11-9

Relevant identified uses of the substance: Scientific research and development

Supplier details:
American Elements
10884 Weyburn Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: +1 310-208-0551
Fax: +1 310-208-0351

Emergency telephone number:
Domestic, North America: +1 800-424-9300
International: +1 703-527-3887


SECTION 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Classification of the substance or mixture
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
The substance is not classified as hazardous to health or the environment according to the CLP regulation.
Hazards not otherwise classified
No data available
Label elements
Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008
N/A
Hazard pictograms
N/A
Signal word
N/A
Hazard statements
N/A
WHMIS classification
Not controlled
Classification system
HMIS ratings (scale 0-4)
(Hazardous Materials Identification System)
HEALTH
FIRE
REACTIVITY
1

1
Health (acute effects) = 1
Flammability = 0
Physical Hazard = 1
Other hazards
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
N/A
vPvB:
N/A


SECTION 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

Substances
CAS No. / Substance Name:
7791-11-9 Rubidium chloride
Identification number(s):
EC number:
232-240-9


SECTION 4. FIRST AID MEASURES

Description of first aid measures
If inhaled:
Supply patient with fresh air. If not breathing, provide artificial respiration. Keep patient warm.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of skin contact:
Immediately wash with soap and water; rinse thoroughly.
Seek immediate medical advice.
In case of eye contact:
Rinse opened eye for several minutes under running water. Consult a physician.
If swallowed:
Seek medical treatment.
Information for doctor
Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
No data available
Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No data available


SECTION 5. FIREFIGHTING MEASURES

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing agents
Product is not flammable. Use fire-fighting measures that suit the surrounding fire.
Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
If this product is involved in a fire, the following can be released:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Rubidium oxide
Advice for firefighters
Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respirator.
Wear fully protective impervious suit.


SECTION 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Use personal protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Environmental precautions:
Do not allow product to enter drains, sewage systems, or other water courses.
Methods and materials for containment and cleanup:
Pick up mechanically.
Prevention of secondary hazards:
No special measures required.
Reference to other sections
See Section 7 for information on safe handling
See Section 8 for information on personal protection equipment.
See Section 13 for disposal information.


SECTION 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE

Handling
Precautions for safe handling
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry place in tightly closed containers.
Information about protection against explosions and fires:
The product is not flammable
Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
No special requirements.
Information about storage in one common storage facility:
Store away from water/moisture.
Store away from oxidizing agents.
Further information about storage conditions:
This product is hygroscopic.
Store under dry inert gas.
Keep container tightly sealed.
Store in cool, dry conditions in well-sealed containers.
Protect from humidity and water.
Specific end use(s)
No data available


SECTION 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

Additional information about design of technical systems:
Properly operating chemical fume hood designed for hazardous chemicals and having an average face velocity of at least 100 feet per minute.
Control parameters
Components with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
None.
Additional information:
No data
Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Follow typical protective and hygienic practices for handling chemicals.
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Remove all soiled and contaminated clothing immediately.
Wash hands before breaks and at the end of work.
Maintain an ergonomically appropriate working environment.
Breathing equipment:
Use suitable respirator when high concentrations are present.
Recommended filter device for short term use:
Use a respirator with type N95 (USA) or PE (EN 143) cartridges as a backup to engineering controls. Risk assessment should be performed to determine if air-purifying respirators are appropriate. Only use equipment tested and approved under appropriate government standards.
Protection of hands:
Impervious gloves
Inspect gloves prior to use.
The selection of suitable gloves not only depends on the material, but also on quality. Quality will vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.
Material of gloves
Nitrile rubber, NBR
Penetration time of glove material (in minutes)
No data available
Eye protection:
Safety glasses
Body protection:
Protective work clothing


SECTION 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES

Information on basic physical and chemical properties
Appearance:
Form: Crystalline powder
Color: White
Odor: Odorless
Odor threshold: No data available.
pH: N/A
Melting point/Melting range: 718 °C (1324 °F)
Boiling point/Boiling range: 1390 °C (2534 °F)
Sublimation temperature / start: No data available
Flammability (solid, gas)
No data available.
Ignition temperature: No data available
Decomposition temperature: No data available
Autoignition: No data available.
Danger of explosion: No data available.
Explosion limits:
Lower: No data available
Upper: No data available
Vapor pressure: N/A
Density at 20 °C (68 °F): 2.8 g/cm3 (23.366 lbs/gal)
Relative density
No data available.
Vapor density
N/A
Evaporation rate
N/A
Solubility in Water (H2O): No data available
Partition coefficient (n-octanol/water): No data available.
Viscosity:
Dynamic: N/A
Kinematic: N/A
Other information
No data available


SECTION 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY

Reactivity
No data available
Chemical stability
Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided:
Decomposition will not occur if used and stored according to specifications.
Possibility of hazardous reactions
Reacts with strong oxidizing agents
Conditions to avoid
No data available
Incompatible materials:
Water/moisture
Oxidizing agents
Hazardous decomposition products:
Hydrogen chloride (HCl)
Rubidium oxide


SECTION 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Information on toxicological effects
Acute toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains acute toxicity data for this substance.
LD/LC50 values that are relevant for classification:
Oral LD50 4440 mg/kg (rat)
Skin irritation or corrosion:
May cause irritation
Eye irritation or corrosion:
May cause irritation
Sensitization:
No sensitizing effects known.
Germ cell mutagenicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains mutation data for this substance.
Carcinogenicity:
No classification data on carcinogenic properties of this material is available from the EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.
Reproductive toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains reproductive data for this substance.
Specific target organ system toxicity – repeated exposure:
No effects known.
Specific target organ system toxicity – single exposure:
No effects known.
Aspiration hazard:
No effects known.
Subacute to chronic toxicity:
The Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) contains multiple dose toxicity data for this substance.
Additional toxicological information:
To the best of our knowledge the acute and chronic toxicity of this substance is not fully known.
Carcinogenic categories
OSHA-Ca (Occupational Safety & Health Administration)
Substance is not listed.


SECTION 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Toxicity
Aquatic toxicity:
No data available
Persistence and degradability
No data available
Bioaccumulative potential
No data available
Mobility in soil
No data available
Additional ecological information:
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities to reach groundwater, water courses, or sewage systems.
Avoid transfer into the environment.
Results of PBT and vPvB assessment
PBT:
N/A
vPvB:
N/A
Other adverse effects
No data available


SECTION 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

Waste treatment methods
Recommendation
Consult official regulations to ensure proper disposal.
Uncleaned packagings:
Recommendation:
Disposal must be made according to official regulations.


SECTION 14. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

UN-Number
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
N/A
UN proper shipping name
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
N/A
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Class
N/A
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
N/A
Environmental hazards:
N/A
Special precautions for user
N/A
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
N/A
Transport/Additional information:
DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT):
No


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 – Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


SECTION 14. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION

UN-Number
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
N/A
UN proper shipping name
DOT, ADN, IMDG, IATA
N/A
Transport hazard class(es)
DOT, ADR, ADN, IMDG, IATA
Class
N/A
Packing group
DOT, IMDG, IATA
N/A
Environmental hazards: N/A
Special precautions for user
N/A
Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL73/78 and the IBC Code
N/A
Transport/Additional information: DOT
Marine Pollutant (DOT): No


SECTION 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION

Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture
National regulations
All components of this product are listed in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Toxic Substances Control Act Chemical substance Inventory.
All components of this product are listed on the Canadian Domestic Substances List (DSL).
SARA Section 313 (specific toxic chemical listings)
Substance is not listed.
California Proposition 65
Prop 65 – Chemicals known to cause cancer
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity, female
Substance is not listed.
Prop 65 – Developmental toxicity, male
Substance is not listed.
Information about limitation of use:
For use only by technically qualified individuals.
Other regulations, limitations and prohibitive regulations
Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) according to the REACH Regulations (EC) No. 1907/2006.
Substance is not listed.
The conditions of restrictions according to Article 67 and Annex XVII of the Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (REACH) for the manufacturing, placing on the market and use must be observed.
Substance is not listed.
Annex XIV of the REACH Regulations (requiring Authorisation for use)
Substance is not listed.
REACH – Pre-registered substances
Substance is listed.
Chemical safety assessment:
A Chemical Safety Assessment has not been carried out.


SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION

Safety Data Sheet according to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 (REACH). The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. American Elements shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale. COPYRIGHT 1997-2018 AMERICAN ELEMENTS. LICENSED GRANTED TO MAKE UNLIMITED PAPER COPIES FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY.

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About Rubidium Chloride

High purity Rubidium Chloride Chloride Ion Rubidium Chloride is an excellent water soluble crystalline Rubidium source for uses compatible with chlorides. Chloride compounds can conduct electricity when fused or dissolved in water. Chloride materials can be decomposed by electrolysis to chlorine gas and the metal . They are formed through various chlorination processes whereby at least one chlorine anion (Cl-) is covalently bonded to the relevant metal or cation. Ultra high purity and proprietary formulations can be prepared. The chloride ion controls fluid equilibrium and pH levels in metabolic systems. They can form either inorganic or organic compounds. Rubidium Chloride is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Rubidium Chloride Solution . Additional technical, research and safety (MSDS) information is available.

Rubidium Chloride Synonyms

Rubidium(1+) chloride, rubidium(I) chloride, rubidium monochloride, rb-cl-045m-c

Chemical Identifiers

Linear Formula RbCl
MDL Number MFCD00011187
EC No. 232-240-9
Beilstein Registry No. N/A
Pubchem CID 62683
IUPAC Name Rubidium(1+); chloride
SMILES [Rb+].[Cl-]
InchI Identifier InChI=1S/ClH.Rb/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
InchI Key FGDZQCVHDSGLHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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Packaging Specifications

Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes, and 36,000 lb. tanker trucks.

Related Elements

37 Rb 85.467800000 Rubidium

See more Rubidium products. Rubidium (atomic symbol: Rb, atomic number: 37) is a Block S, Group 1, Period 5 element with an atomic weight of 5.4678. The number of electrons in each of Rubidium’s shells is [2, 8, 18, 8, 1] and its electron configuration is [Kr] 5s1. The rubidium atom has a radius of 248 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 303 pm. Rubidium Bohr ModelRubidium is highly reactive, with properties similar to other Group 1 akali metals , e.g., rapid oxidation in air. In its elemental form, rubidium has a gray white appearance. Rubidium is found in the minerals lepidolite, leucite, pollucite, carnallite, and zinnwaldite as well as some potassium minerals. Rubidium was discovered by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in 1861 and was first isolated by George de Hevesy. The name Rubidium, originates from the Latin word rubidus, meaning “dark or deepest red.”

17 Cl 35.453000000 Chlorine

Chlorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 3 element. Its electron configuration is [Ne]3s23p5. The chlorine atom has a covalent radius of 102±4 pm and its Van der Waals radius is 175 pm. In its elemental form, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. Chlorine is the second lightest halogen after fluorine. it has the third highest electronegativity and the highest electron affinity of all the elements making it a strong oxidizing agent. It is rarely found by itself in nature. Chlorine was discovered and first isolated by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in 1774. It was first recognized as an element by Humphry Davy in 1808.

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Rubidium chloride

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Rubidium chloride
Rubidium chloride's NaCl structure
Rubidium chloride's CsCl structure
Names
Other names

rubidium(I) chloride
Identifiers
CAS Number
  • 7791-11-9  ☑Y
3D model ( JSmol )
  • Interactive image
ChEBI
  • CHEBI:78672  ☒N
ChemSpider
  • 56434  ☑Y
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.310
PubChem CID
  • 62683
RTECS numberVL8575000
UNII
  • N3SHC5273S  ☒N
InChI
  • InChI=1S/ClH.Rb/h1H;/q;+1/p-1 ☑Y
    Key: FGDZQCVHDSGLHJ-UHFFFAOYSA-M ☑Y
  • InChI=1/ClH.Rb/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
SMILES
  • [Rb+].[Cl-]
Properties
Chemical formula
RbCl
Molar mass120.921 g/mol
Appearancewhite crystals
hygroscopic
Density2.80 g/cm3 (25 °C)
2.088 g/mL (750 °C)
Melting point 718 °C (1,324 °F; 991 K)
Boiling point 1,390 °C (2,530 °F; 1,660 K)
Solubility in water
77 g/100mL (0 °C)
91 g/100 mL (20 °C)
130 g/100 mL (100 °C)
Solubility in methanol1.41 g/100 mL
Magnetic susceptibility (χ)
−46.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Refractive index (nD)
1.5322
Thermochemistry
Heat capacity (C)
52.4 J K−1 mol−1
Std molar
entropy (So298)
95.9 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy of
formation (ΔfHo298)
−435.14 kJ/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheet Fisher Scientific
NFPA 704

NFPA 704 four-colored diamond

0
1
0
Flash pointNon-flammable
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
LD50 ( median dose )
4440 mg/kg (rat)
Related compounds
Other anions
Rubidium fluoride
Rubidium bromide
Rubidium iodide
Rubidium astatide
Other cations
Lithium chloride
Sodium chloride
Potassium chloride
Caesium chloride
Francium chloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N  verify  ( what is  ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Rubidium chloride is the chemical compound with the formula RbCl. This alkali metal halide is composed of rubidium and chlorine , and finds diverse uses ranging from electrochemistry to molecular biology .

Contents

  • 1 Structure
    • 1.1 Sodium chloride (octahedral 6:6)
    • 1.2 Caesium chloride (cubic 8:8)
    • 1.3 Sphalerite (tetrahedral 4:4)
  • 2 Synthesis
  • 3 Reactions
  • 4 Radioactivity
  • 5 Uses
  • 6 References

Structure[ edit ]

In its gas phase, RbCl is diatomic with a bond length estimated at 2.7868 Å. [1] This distance increases to 3.285 Å for cubic RbCl, reflecting the higher coordination number of the ions in the solid phase. [2]

Depending on conditions, solid RbCl exists in one of three arrangements or polymorphs as determined with holographic imaging: [3]

Sodium chloride (octahedral 6:6)[ edit ]

The sodium chloride (NaCl) polymorph is most common. A cubic close-packed arrangement of chloride anions with rubidium cations filling the octahedral holes describes this polymorph. [4] Both ions are six-coordinate in this arrangement. This polymorph’s lattice energy is only 3.2 kJ/mol less than the following structure’s. [5]

Caesium chloride (cubic 8:8)[ edit ]

At high temperature and pressure, RbCl adopts the caesium chloride (CsCl) structure (NaCl and KCl undergo the same structural change at high pressures). Here, the chloride ions form a simple cubic arrangement with chloride anions occupying the vertices of a cube surrounding a central Rb+. This is RbCl’s densest packing motif. [2] Because a cube has eight vertices, both ions’ coordination numbers equal eight. This is RbCl’s highest possible coordination number. Therefore, according to the radius ratio rule, cations in this polymorph will reach their largest apparent radius because the anion-cation distances are greatest. [4]

Sphalerite (tetrahedral 4:4)[ edit ]

The sphalerite polymorph of rubidium chloride is extremely rare, resulting in few structural studies. The lattice energy , however, for this formation is predicted to nearly 40.0 kJ/mol smaller than those of the preceding structures. [5]

Synthesis[ edit ]

The most common preparation of pure rubidium chloride involves the reaction of its hydroxide with hydrochloric acid , followed by recrystallization : [6]

RbOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → RbCl(aq) + H2O(l)

Because RbCl is hygroscopic , it must be protected from atmospheric moisture, e.g. using a desiccator . RbCl is primarily used in laboratories. Therefore, numerous suppliers (see below) produce it in smaller quantities as needed. It is offered in a variety of forms for chemical and biomedical research.

Reactions[ edit ]

Rubidium chloride reacts with sulfuric acid to rubidium hydrogen sulfate .

Radioactivity[ edit ]

Every 18 mg of rubidium chloride is equivalent to approximately one banana equivalent dose due to the large fraction (27.8%) of naturally-occurring radioactive isotope rubidium-87 .

Uses[ edit ]

  • Rubidium chloride is used as a gasoline additive to improve its octane number . [7]
  • Rubidium chloride has been shown to modify coupling between circadian oscillators via reduced photaic input to the suprachiasmatic nuclei . The outcome is a more equalized circadian rhythm, even for stressed organisms. [8]
  • Rubidium chloride is an excellent non-invasive biomarker . The compound dissolves well in water and readily be taken up by organisms . Once broken in the body, Rb+ replaces K+ in tissues because they are from the same chemical group . [9] An example of this is the use of a radioactive isotope to evaluate perfusion of heart muscle .
  • Rubidium chloride transformation for competent cells is arguably the compound’s most abundant use. Cells treated with a hypotonic solution containing RbCl expand. As a result, the expulsion of membrane proteins allows negatively charged DNA to bind. [10]
  • RbCl has been used as an antidepressant in Europe under the trade name Rubinorm in doses ranging from 180 to 720 mg. [11] [12] [ unreliable medical source? ] It increases dopamine and norepinephrine levels and has stimulating effects, hence it is useful for anergic and apathetic depressives. [13] [11] [ unreliable medical source? ]

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ Lide, D. R.; Cahill, P.; Gold, L. P. (1963). “Microwave Spectrum of Lithium Chloride”. Journal of Chemical Physics. 40 (1): 156–159. doi : 10.1063/1.1724853 .

  2. ^ a b Wells, A. F. (1984). Structural Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford University Press. pp. 410, 444.
  3. ^ Kopecky, M.; Fábry, J.; Kub, J.; Busetto, E.; Lausi, A. (2005). “X-ray diffuse scattering holography of a centrosymmetric sample”. Applied Physics Letters. 87 (23): 231914. doi : 10.1063/1.2140084 .
  4. ^ a b Shriver, D. F.; Atkins, P. W.; Cooper, H. L. (1990). “Chapter 2”. Inorganic Chemistry. Freeman.
  5. ^ a b Pyper, N. C.; Kirkland, A. I.; Harding, J. H. (2006). “Cohesion and polymorphism in solid rubidium chloride” . Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 18 (2): 683–702. doi : 10.1088/0953-8984/18/2/023 .
  6. ^ Winter, M. (2006). “Compounds of Rubidium” . WebElements.
  7. ^ Budavari, S. (1996). The Merck index: an encyclopedia of chemicals, drugs, and biologicals. Rahway, NJ, U.S.A.: Merck. ISBN   0-911910-12-3 .
  8. ^ Hallonquist, J.; Lindegger, M.; Mrosovsky, N. (1994). “Rubidium chloride fuses split circadian activity rhythms in hamsters housed in bright constant light”. Chronobiology International. 11 (2): 65–71. doi : 10.3109/07420529409055892 . PMID   8033243 .
  9. ^ Hougardy, E.; Pernet, P.; Warnau, M.; Delisle, J.; Grégoire, J.-C. (2003). “Marking bark beetle parasitoids within the host plant with rubidium for dispersal studies” . Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 108 (2): 107. doi : 10.1046/j.1570-7458.2003.00073.x .
  10. ^ “RbCl Transformation Protocol” . New England Biolabs . 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-03-19.
  11. ^ a b Baumel, S. (2000). Dealing with depression naturally: complementary and alternative therapies for restoring emotional health . Los Angeles: Keats Pub. p. 101. ISBN   0-658-00291-0 .
  12. ^ Lake, J. A. (2006). Textbook of Integrative Mental Health Care . New York: Thieme Medical Publishers. p. 165. ISBN   1-58890-299-4 .
  13. ^ Gian F. Placidi; Liliana Dell’Osso; Giuseppe Nistico; Hagop S. Akiskal (6 December 2012). Recurrent Mood Disorders: New Perspectives in Therapy . Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 293–. ISBN   978-3-642-76646-6 .
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      What is the formula for rubidium chloride?

      1 Answer

      Kevin B.

      Aug 7, 2017

      Answer:

      The formula for rubidium chloride is #”RbCl”#.

      Explanation:

      Rubidium #”Rb”# is an alkali metal. It wants to lose one electron to become stable. Chlorine #”Cl”# is a halogen. It wants to gain and electron to become stable. So if we add the two together we get:
      #”Rb”^+ + “Cl”^- -> “RbCl”#.

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