rabies milwaukee protocol 9. The Conclusion – Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper …

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Writing a Paper: Conclusions

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Writing a Conclusion

A conclusion is an important part of the paper; it provides closure for the reader while reminding the reader of the contents and importance of the paper. It accomplishes this by stepping back from the specifics in order to view the bigger picture of the document. In other words, it is reminding the reader of the main argument. For most course papers, it is usually one paragraph that simply and succinctly restates the main ideas and arguments, pulling everything together to help clarify the thesis of the paper. A conclusion does not introduce new ideas; instead, it should clarify the intent and importance of the paper. It can also suggest possible future research on the topic.

An Easy Checklist for Writing a Conclusion

  1. Is the thesis of the paper accurately restated here (but not repeated verbatim)?

    It is important to remind the reader of the thesis of the paper so he is reminded of the argument and solutions you proposed.

  2. Are the main points of the paper addressed and pulled together?

    Think of the main points as puzzle pieces, and the conclusion is where they all fit together to create a bigger picture. The reader should walk away with the bigger picture in mind.

  3. Do you remind the reader of the importance of the topic?

    Make sure that the paper places its findings in the context of real social change.

  4. Is there a sense of closure?

    Make sure the reader has a distinct sense that the paper has come to an end. It is important to not leave the reader hanging. (You don’t want her to have flip-the-page syndrome, where the reader turns the page, expecting the paper to continue. The paper should naturally come to an end.)

  5. Do you avoid presenting new information?

    No new ideas should be introduced in the conclusion. It is simply a review of the material that is already present in the paper. The only new idea would be the suggesting of a direction for future research.

Conclusion Example

As addressed in my analysis of recent research, the advantages of a later starting time for high school students significantly outweigh the disadvantages. A later starting time would allow teens more time to sleep–something that is important for their physical and mental health–and ultimately improve their academic performance and behavior. The added transportation costs that result from this change can be absorbed through energy savings. The beneficial effects on the students’ academic performance and behavior validate this decision, but its effect on student motivation is still unknown. I would encourage an in-depth look at the reactions of students to such a change. This sort of study would help determine the actual effects of a later start time on the time management and sleep habits of students.

Related Webinar

  • Beginnings and Endings: Introduce and Conclude Your Writing (webinar)

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How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

access_timeMarch 29, 2018

reserch paper conclusion

Concluding a research paper seems to be a less tiresome job than actually creating a research paper . Students assume that it may not consume their enough time and efforts if they are assigned to create a summary of an already existing research paper. However, the assumption is half wrong. It is unmistakably true that the process of research paper writing is a lot rigorous type of work to do. But you cannot afford to take conclusion a paper non-seriously. It surely needs some homework and skills before you get your hands on a research paper written by someone else and summarising its theme and central points in one paper.

It is your responsibility towards the paper and its author to produce an accurate summary. Leaving out important points or projecting wrong results related to the paper will clearly kill the purpose of the research paper that was written by another author.

No single formula exists that one should follow to conclude a research paper.

The reason is that every research paper is unique and different in its sense. Each research paper contains different chapters, sections, formats and tools to prove the point. Therefore, one should have a better understanding of how to evaluate and examine a particular research paper and summarise it according to its content specifically.

It is a common habit found among the young and immature students that they assume the ‘abstract’ of the paper to be serving as the summary for them. They avoid getting into the horrifying task of reading the entire paper line by line and chapter by chapter. However, it is true to some extent that the abstract of a research paper does provide some necessary information that helps student guide through the process. But it surely cannot replace reading entire paper to produce an exact summary.

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While reading the paper, keep a paper and pen with you.

Start noting down the important points of each section of the paper that you think should be present in summary. Highlight important facts and statements too. Spend some time understanding the  introduction of the paper. It will give your work the exact direction needed because the introduction of a research paper mainly focuses on the purpose and objectives of the paper and that’s what you need to present in your summary. But do not use the only introduction to write the summary. You cannot give your summary the required finishing touch if you don’t read every section of the paper.

Analyse the data and gather important facts and stats about it to put in your summary.

In the chapters where the writer has used different methods or explained procedural working or processes of a certain phenomenon, you need to understand it to a degree from where you would be able to analyse how the writer was able to conclude results coming out of such methodology. When you are finished reading the conclusion or the last chapter of the research paper, create a sentence that serves as the concluding sentence of your summary and elaborates the conclusions drawn by the writer at the end of the paper.

Following above discussed points strictly could enable you to produce an accurate summary of any research paper offered to you.

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