proleptic Proleptic

proleptic Proleptic



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Definition of ‘prolepsis’

Word Frequency







prolepsis in British

(prəʊˈlɛpsɪs
)

noun plural -ses (-siːz)

1. 

a rhetorical device by which objections are anticipated and answered in advance
2. 

use of a word after a verb in anticipation of its becoming applicable through the action of the verb, as flat in hammer it flat

Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers
Derived forms

proleptic (proˈleptic) or proleptical (proˈleptical)

adjective
Word origin of ‘prolepsis’

C16: via Late Latin from Greek: anticipation, from prolambanein to anticipate, from pro-2 + lambanein to take

Word Frequency







prolepsis in American

(proʊˈlɛpsɪs
; prōlepˈsis)

nounWord forms: plural proˈlepˌses (proʊˈlɛpˌsiz
; prōlepˈsēzˌ)

an anticipating; esp., the describing of an event as taking place before it could have done so, the treating of a future event as if it had already happened , or the anticipating and answering of an argument before one’s opponent has a chance to advance it
Webster’s New World College Dictionary, 4th Edition. Copyright © 2010 by
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. All rights reserved.
Derived forms

proleptic (proˈleptic)

adjective
Word origin of ‘prolepsis’

L < Gr prolēpsis, an anticipating < prolambanein, to take before < pro-, before + lambanein, to take: see lemma1

Word Lists

figure of speech

Trends of ‘prolepsis’

Used Rarely. prolepsis is in the lower 50% of commonly used words in the Collins dictionary






View usage for:

Nearby words of ‘prolepsis’

  • prolegomenon
  • prolegomenous
  • prolepses
  • prolepsis
  • proleptical
  • proleptically
  • proler

  • All ENGLISH words that begin with ‘P’

Source

Definition of prolepsis from the
Collins English Dictionary

Quotation marks (‘ ’) or (“ ”)

Direct speech Direct speech gives the actual words that a speaker used. It is common in novels and other writing where the actual words of a speaker are quoted(see Reporting speech). The words spok…
Read more about ‘Quotation marks (‘ ’) or (“ ”)’
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Scrabble score for ‘prolepsis’: 13
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prolepsis

noun

pro·​lep·​sis


| \prō-ˈlep-səs

\

plural prolepses\ prō-​ˈlep-​ˌsēz

\

Definition of prolepsis 

: anticipation : such as


a

: the representation or assumption of a future act or development as if presently existing or accomplished


b

: the application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation of the result of the action of the verb (as in “while yon slow oxen turn the furrowed plain”)

Other Words from prolepsis

proleptic

\ prō-​ˈlep-​tik

\

adjective

proleptically

\ prō-​ˈlep-​ti-​k(ə-​)lē

\

adverb

First Known Use of prolepsis

1578, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for prolepsis

Greek prolēpsis, from prolambanein to take beforehand, from pro- before + lambanein to take — more at latch

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Dictionary Entries near prolepsis

prole

proleg

prolegomenon

prolepsis

proletarian

proletarian dictatorship

proletarianise

Statistics for prolepsis

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for prolepsis

The first known use of prolepsis was
in 1578

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More from Merriam-Webster on prolepsis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with prolepsis

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about prolepsis

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Proleptic – definition of proleptic by The Free Dictionary

https://www.thefreedictionary.com/proleptic

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proleptic


Also found in: Thesaurus , Medical , Legal , Wikipedia .

pro·lep·sis

 (prō-lĕp′sĭs)

n. pl. pro·lep·ses (-sēz)

1. The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in the precolonial United States.
2.

a. The assignment of something, such as an event or name, to a time that precedes it, as in If you tell the cops, you’re a dead man.
b. The use of a descriptive word in anticipation of the act or circumstances that would make it applicable, as dry in They drained the lake dry.
3. The anticipation and answering of an objection or argument before one’s opponent has put it forward.

[Late Latin prolēpsis, from Greek, from prolambanein, to anticipate : pro-, before; see pro-2 + lambanein, lēp-, to take.]

pro·lep′tic (-lĕp′tĭk), pro·lep′ti·cal (-tĭ-kəl) adj.

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Write what you mean clearly and correctly.
Mentioned in
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  • argumentation
  • future
  • prolepsis

References in periodicals archive
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Whitman’s signature proleptic “you,” his play across the

A brief coda addresses several additional poets (John Ashbery, Ben Lerner, Robert Pinsky) and turns the larger question over by thinking not about the difficulties that poems face when trying to look back, but those that appear when they seek to peak forward so as to look back from an imagined future, a sort of proleptic belatedness.

This is the gist of the Advent grace of waiting in love, ‘God is with us’-living in this proleptic fulfillment of God’s promise that he will always be with us.

In this sense resurrection is proleptic and reflected back on how things are, bestowing a freight of meaning to quotidian reality.

Scott’s bold typological rendering of nineteenth-century proleptic visions not only of climate change, but also of acid rain and pollution, which truly do look forward to our ecological moment, is especially subtly and convincingly done.

10) feels in some sense proleptic, its implausible palette appropriate for a city that keeps imagining its own transformation.

But Jack might like to take a look at the international standard on time (ISO 8601) which avoids the jumps of the changes in calendars (as the one in 1752 when the UK missed out 11 days changing from the Julian to Gregorian); this uses the proleptic Gregorian calendar for past dates and does have a year zero before CE1.

The point of view shifts suddenly with the proleptic narratorial commentary informing us that, “He would have ample time later to think about that.

For the first 81 pages–just over half its length–Levin engages with the pre-1878 work rather dutifully, only considering it for its proleptic value.

As well, this moment of proleptic asphyxiation, coupled with its two subsequent repetitions in the text, provides the only representation of Rider’s experience of the lynching itself that is afforded to the reader.

Diem also suggests a connection between these constructions and the proleptic pronoun construction found in Gs’az (Dillmann 1907: 426-28):

That said, it did broach the implications of the Internet in two oddly proleptic works, one conjuring the velocity of what we once called information overload, the other dramatizing the archival fever of textual mass production.

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