menudo calories Superficial Perineal Pouch : Human Anatomy

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Superficial perineal pouch

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Alborz Jahangiri et al.

The superficial perineal pouch is an anatomic space below the perineal membrane in the urogenital triangle of the perineum .

Gross anatomy

The superficial perineal pouch is inferior (superficial) to the perineal membrane in the urogenital triangle, anterior to the transverse line between the ischial tuberosities .

Boundaries
  • roof: perineal membrane
  • floor: superficial perineal fascia (Colles’ fascia)
    • Colles’ fascia attaches to the posterior border of the perineal membrane posteriorly and to the pubic arch laterally
    • communicates with Scarpa’s fascia of the anterior abdominal wall  anteriorly
Contents
Males
  • bulbospongiosus muscle  which covers the corpus spongiosum and surrounds the urethra
  • paired ischiocavernous muscles which cover the corpora cavernosa of the penis
  • superficial perineal muscle
  • crura of penis
  • bulb of penis
Females
  • greater vestibular glands ( Bartholin’s glands )
  • bulbospongiosus muscle: separated by the urethra  and vagina in the midline and covers the bulb of the vestibule
  • paired ischiocavernous muscles: tenses the vagina during orgasm
  • perineal body
  • superficial perineal muscle
  • crura of the clitoris

Related pathology

  • perineal abscess

References

  • 1. Last’s Anatomy: Regional and Applied. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN:044304662X. Read it at Google Books – Find it at Amazon
  • 2. Ryan S, McNicholas M, Eustace SJ. Anatomy for Diagnostic Imaging. Saunders Ltd. ISBN:0702029718. Read it at Google Books – Find it at Amazon
  • 3. Butler P, Mitchell A, Healy JC. Applied Radiological Anatomy. Cambridge University Press. (2012) ISBN:0521766664. Read it at Google Books – Find it at Amazon
Anatomy: abdominopelvic
  • skeleton of the abdomen and pelvis
    • lumbar spine
    • bony pelvis

      • innominate bones

        • pubis

          • pubic symphysis
          • obturator foramen
        • ischium

          • greater sciatic notch
          • lesser sciatic notch
        • ilium
    • sacrum

      • sacral hiatus
      • sacrotuberous ligament
      • sacrospinous ligament
      • greater sciatic foramen
      • lesser sciatic foramen
    • coccyx

      • anterior angulation of the coccyx
  • muscles of the abdomen and pelvis
    • diaphragm

      • sternocostal triangle
    • anterior abdominal wall

      • muscles
        • external oblique muscle

          • inguinal ligament
        • internal oblique muscle

          • conjoint tendon
        • transversus abdominis muscle
        • rectus abdominis muscle

          • rectus sheath
          • transversalis fascia
        • pyramidalis muscle
      • Scarpa’s fascia
      • surface anatomy

        • arcuate line
        • semilunar line
    • posterior abdominal wall

      • psoas major muscle
      • psoas minor muscle
      • quadratus lumborum muscle
      • iliacus muscle
    • pelvic floor

      • levator ani muscle
      • coccygeus muscle
      • piriformis muscle
      • internal obturator muscle
  • spaces of the abdomen and pelvis
    • anterior abdominal wall
      • sternocostal triangle
    • posterior abdominal wall
      • superior lumbar triangle
      • inferior lumbar triangle
      • iliopsoas compartment
    • abdominal cavity

      • peritoneum

        • peritoneal ligaments

          • left triangular ligament
          • right triangular ligament
          • falciform ligament

            • umbilical vein
            • veins of Sappey
          • omentum

            • hepatogastric ligament
          • gastrosplenic ligament
          • splenorenal ligament
        • mesentery

          • small bowel mesentery

            • root of the mesentery
          • mesoappendix
          • transverse mesocolon
          • sigmoid mesocolon
        • peritoneal spaces

          • supramesocolic space

            • right supramesocolic space

              • right subphrenic space
              • right subhepatic space

                • anterior right subhepatic space
                • posterior right subhepatic space (Morison pouch)
              • lesser sac

                • epiploic foramen (of Winslow)
            • left supramesocolic space  (left perihepatic space)

              • left subhepatic space

                • anterior left subhepatic space
                • posterior left subhepatic space
              • left subphrenic space

                • anterior left subphrenic space
                • posterior left subphrenic (perisplenic) space
          • inframesocolic space
        • inguinal canal ( mnemonic )
        • Hesselbach triangle
        • scrotal sac
      • retroperitoneum

        • perirenal fascia
        • anterior pararenal space
        • perirenal space
        • posterior pararenal space

          • properitoneal fat
        • great vessel space
        • lateroconal fascia
    • pelvic cavity

      • pelvic peritoneal space

        • rectouterine pouch (pouch of Douglas)
        • rectovesical pouch
      • retropubic space (of Retzius)
      • paravesical space

        • lateral fossa
      • presacral space
      • canal of Nuck
      • pudendal canal
      • obturator canal
    • perineum

      • urogenital triangle

        • superficial perineal pouch
        • perineal membrane
        • deep perineal pouch
      • anal triangle
      • ischioanal fossa
  • abdominal and pelvic viscera
    • gastrointestinal tract

      • oesophagus
      • gastro-oesophageal junction
      • stomach

        • rugal folds
      • small intestine

        • duodenum

          • Brunner gland
        • duodenojejunal flexure
        • jejunum
        • ileum

          • Meckel diverticulum
          • ileocaecal valve
        • jejunum vs ileum
        • valvulae conniventes
      • large intestine

        • caecum

          • appendix

            • duplex appendix
        • colon

          • ascending colon
          • right colic flexure
          • descending colon

            • loop-to-loop colon
          • left colic flexure
          • transverse colon
          • sigmoid colon
        • rectum
        • appendix epiploica
        • haustral folds
        • taeniae coli
      • anal canal

        • anal sphincters
    • spleen

      • variants
        • splenunculus
        • wandering spleen
        • asplenia
        • polysplenia
        • splenogonadal fusion
        • retrorenal spleen
    • hepatobiliary system

      • liver

        • porta hepatis
        • ductus venosus

          • ligamentum venosum
        • segmental liver anatomy  ( mnemonic )
        • Riedel lobe
        • beaver tail liver
      • biliary tree

        • common hepatic duct
        • cystic duct

          • ​ common bile duct
            • ampulla of Vater

              • sphincter of Oddi
        • subvesical bile ducts
      • gallbladder

        • accessory gallbladder

          • gallbladder duplication
          • gallbladder triplication
        • gallbladder agenesis
        • Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
        • Phrygian cap
    • endocrine system

      • adrenal gland

        • adrenal vessels
          • adrenal arteries
          • adrenal veins
        • chromaffin cells
        • variants
          • horseshoe adrenal gland
      • pancreas

        • pancreatic ducts

          • pancreatic duct diameter
          • variants
            • pancreas divisum
            • meandering main pancreatic duct
            • ansa pancreatica
            • anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction
        • variants
          • ectopic pancreatic tissue
          • annular pancreas
      • organs of Zuckerkandl
    • urinary system

      • kidney

        • renal pelvis

          • extrarenal pelvis
        • renal sinus
        • avascular plane of Brodel
        • variants

          • number
            • renal agenesis
            • supernumerary kidney
          • fusion
            • horseshoe kidney

              • sigmoid kidney
            • crossed fused renal ectopia
            • pancake kidney
          • location
            • ectopic kidney

              • pelvic kidney

                • fused pelvic kidney
              • intrathoracic kidney
              • crossed renal ectopia
            • abnormal renal rotation
            • nephroptosis
          • shape
            • persistent fetal lobulation
            • hypertrophied column of Bertin
            • renal hilar lip
            • dromedary hump
            • faceless kidney
      • ureter

        • variants
          • ectopic ureter
          • duplex collecting system

            • Weigert-Meyer law
            • bifid ureter
            • ureteral duplication
          • retrocaval ureter
          • ureterocele
      • urinary bladder

        • detrusor
        • bladder neuroanatomy (micturition)
      • urethra

        • fossa navicularis
        • male urethra

          • verumontanum
          • prostatic utricle
        • female urethra

          • paraurethral glands

            • paraurethral ducts
      • embryology
        • metanephric blastema
        • ureteric bud
        • Wolffian duct
    • male reproductive system

      • prostate
      • seminal vesicles
      • ejaculatory duct
      • bulbourethral glands
      • spermatic cord  ( mnemonic )

        • ductus deferens
        • cremaster muscle
      • scrotum ( mnemonic )

        • dartos muscle
        • epididymis
        • testes

          • descent
          • tunica vaginalis
          • tunica albuginea
          • testicular appendages

            • appendix of testis
            • appendix epididymis
          • polyorchidism

            • bilobed testis
      • penis
    • female reproductive system

      • vulva

        • mons pubis
        • labia majora
        • labia minora
        • clitoris
        • vestibular bulbs
        • vestibule of the vulva
        • vaginal opening

          • hymen
        • Bartholin glands
      • vagina

        • fornix
      • uterus

        • cervix

          • parametrium
        • chorion
        • placenta

          • basal plate
          • chorionic plate
          • variation in morphology
          • retroplacental complex
          • umbilical cord

            • Wharton jelly
        • variant anatomy
          • retroverted uterus
      • uterine tubes
      • ovaries

        • ovarian follicle

          • dominant ovarian follicle
          • primary follicle
          • secondary follicle
          • mature vesicular follicle
          • corpus luteum
          • corpus albicans
          • cumulus oophorus
      • broad ligament  ( mnemonic ) 
      • variant anatomy
        • congenital utero-vaginal anomalies

          • transverse vaginal septum
          • Mullerian duct anomalies

            • uterine duplication anomalies

              • uterus didelphys
              • bicornuate uterus
              • septate uterus
            • uterine agenesis
            • unicornuate uterus
            • arcuate uterus
            • T-shaped uterus
      • embryology
        • Mullerian duct
  • blood supply of the abdomen and pelvis
    • arteries
      • abdominal aorta

        • inferior phrenic artery

          • superior suprarenal artery
        • coeliac artery

          • common hepatic artery ( variant anatomy )

            • hepatic artery proper

              • left hepatic artery

                • middle hepatic artery
              • right hepatic artery

                • cystic artery
            • gastroduodenal artery

              • right gastroepiploic artery
              • superior pancreaticoduodenal artery
            • right gastric artery
          • left gastric artery
          • splenic artery

            • left gastroepiploic artery
            • short gastric arteries
            • greater pancreatic artery
            • dorsal pancreatic artery
            • transverse pancreatic artery
        • superior mesenteric artery

          • inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery
          • jejunal and ileal branches
          • ileocolic artery

            • appendicular artery
            • accessory appendicular artery
          • right colic artery
          • middle colic artery
        • middle suprarenal artery
        • renal artery ( variant anatomy )

          • inferior suprarenal artery
        • gonadal artery ( ovarian artery | testicular artery )
        • inferior mesenteric artery

          • left colic artery
          • sigmoid arteries
          • superior rectal artery
        • lumbar arteries
        • median sacral artery
        • common iliac artery

          • external iliac artery

            • inferior epigastric artery

              • cremasteric artery
            • deep circumflex artery
          • internal iliac artery ( mnemonic )

            • anterior division
              • umbilical artery
              • superior vesical artery

                • deferential artery
              • obturator artery
              • vaginal artery
              • inferior vesical artery
              • uterine artery
              • middle rectal artery
              • internal pudendal artery
              • inferior gluteal artery
            • posterior division ( mnemonic )
              • iliolumbar artery
              • lateral sacral artery
              • superior gluteal artery
            • variant anatomy
              • persistent sciatic artery
              • corona mortis
    • portal venous system

      • portal vein

        • splenic vein

          • inferior mesenteric vein
        • superior mesenteric vein
        • left gastric vein (coronary vein)
    • veins
      • inferior vena cava

        • hepatic veins

          • accessory right inferior hepatic vein
        • renal vein

          • ascending lumbar communicant vein
          • gonadal vein

            • pampiniform plexus
          • suprarenal vein
          • variant anatomy

            • retro-aortic left renal vein

              • double retroaortic left renal vein
            • circumaortic left renal vein
        • common iliac vein

          • internal iliac vein

            • internal pudendal vein
            • obturator vein
            • prostatic venous plexus
            • vesical venous plexus
            • uterine venous plexus
            • vaginal venous plexus
          • external iliac vein
        • variant caval anatomy

          • absent infrarenal inferior vena cava
          • azygos continuation
          • circumcaval ureter
          • circumaortic venous collar
          • Eustachian valve
          • left-sided IVC
          • IVC duplication
    • anastomoses
      • arterio-arterial anastomoses
        • arc of Barkow
        • arc of Buhler
        • arc of Riolan
        • marginal artery of Drummond
      • portal-systemic venous collateral pathways
      • watershed areas
        • Griffiths point
        • Sudeck point
  • lymphatics
    • lymph node groups
      • para-aortic lymph nodes
      • pre-aortic lymph nodes
      • portal and portocaval lymph nodes
      • gastric lymph node stations
      • peripancreatic lymph nodes
      • common iliac lymph nodes
      • external iliac lymph nodes
      • internal iliac lymph nodes
    • cisterna chyli
  • innervation of the abdomen and pelvis
    • lumbar plexus

      • subcostal nerve
      • Iliohypogastric nerve
      • ilioinguinal nerve
      • genitofemoral nerve
      • lateral femoral cutaneous nerve
      • femoral nerve
      • obturator nerve
      • lumbosacral trunk
    • sacral plexus

      • lumbosacral trunk
      • sciatic nerve
      • superior gluteal nerve
      • inferior gluteal nerve
      • nerve to piriformis
      • perforating cutaneous nerve
      • posterior femoral cutaneous nerve
      • parasympathetic pelvic splanchnic nerves
      • pudendal nerve

        • perineal branch
        • inferior rectal nerve
        • dorsal nerve of the penis or clitoris
      • nerve to quadratus femoris and inferior gemellus
      • nerve to internal obturator and superior gemellus

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Article information

rID: 48902
System: Urogenital , Gynaecology
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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    Superficial Perineal Pouch

    Superficial perineal pouch is a compartment of the perineum lying between the perineal membrane and urogenital diaphragm.

    Boundaries and borders:

    Inferiorly, the superficial perineal pouch is bounded by membranous layer of perineal superficial fascia (Fascia of Colles). Superiorly, it is bounded by the urogenital diaphragm.

    The pouch is closed behind by the fusion of its superior and inferior boundaries. Laterally, it is closed by the attachment of the membranous layer of superficial fascia and urogenital diaphragm to the margins of pubic arch.  Anteriorly, it communicates with the potential space between the superficial fascia of anterior abdominal wall and abdominal muscles.

    Contents:

    Superficial perineal pouch has the following contents:

    • Crura of penis (in males) or clitoris (in females)
    • Bulb of penis (in males) or vestibular bulbs (in females)
    • Greater vestibular glands (only in females)
    • Ischiocavernosus muscle
    • Bulbospongiosus muscle
    • Superficial transverse perineal muscle