hyperprolactinemia icd 10 Metabolism in a eukaryotic cell: Glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and …

 
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Cellular Respiration

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equation for cellular respiration
C6H12O6+6O2=6CO2+6H2O+energy(atp)
what gas is needed for cellular respiration to take place?
oxygen
what gas is produced by cellular respiration?
carbon dioxide
what are the 2 metabolic pathways a cell can use?
aerobic or anaerobic respiration
what are the three phases of cellular respiration?
glycolysis, krebs cycle, and electron transport chain
where in the cell does glycolysis take place and why?
cytoplasm
where in the cell does the Krebs cycle take place and why?
matrix of mitochondria
where in the cell does the electron transport chain occur?
inner membrane
how many ATP are made during glycolysis?
2 ATP
how many ATP are made during the Kreb’s cycle?
2 ATP
how many ATP are made during the electron transport chain?
34 ATP
in which phase of cellular respiration is carbon dioxide made?
Kreb’s cycle
what are NAD+ and FAD?
electron accepters
what do NAD+ and FAD do?
they carry electrons to the mitochondria
what do NAD+ and FAD become?
NADH and FADH2
in which phase of cellular respiration is water made?
electron transport chain
where does fermentation take place?
cytoplasm
what are the products of lactate fermentation?
lactic acid
what are the products of ethanol fermentation?
ethanol and C02
cellular respiration begins with?
glucose
glucose is broken down during?
glycolysis
glycolysis produces?
pyruvate
aerobic processes start with the?
Kreb’s cycle
an example of an anaerobic process is?
fermentation
the Kreb’s cycle produces?
2ATP, 6NADH, and 2FADH
during glycolysis, glucose is converted to two molecules of?
pyruvate
what is the energy carrier of the cell?
ATP
how many CO2 molecules are released for each cycle of the Krebs cycle?
2
NADH/H+ is generated during what two phases of cellular respiration?
glycolysis and krebs cycle
FADH2 is generated during what phase of cellular respiration?
krebs cycle
the electron tranport chain converts the energy stored in NADH and FADH2 into what kind of energy?
potential energy (in the form of a gradient)
what is the electron transport chain?
a series of proteins in the inner membrane of mitochondria
what do proteins act as in the electron transport chains?
pumps and some are electron carriers
what is the final electron acceptor?
oxygen
is the concentration of protons greater in the inter membrane space or the matrix of the mitochondria?
inter membrane space
what protein helps protons move across the inner membrane?
ATP synthase
what is the energy released by the movement of protons through the protein used for?
to add a phosphate group to ADP to create ATP
why does glycolysis occur in the cytoplasm?
area where most chemical reactions take place, and is where necessary enzymes are located.
why does the krebs cycle occur in the matrix of mitochondria?
it’s where the necessary enzymes are located.
why does the electron transport chain occur in the inner membrane of the mitochondria?
it increases surface area for more ATP production
when we breath in more oxygen, we gain more what?
energy
while ATP is fully charged, ADP is…?
partially charged
what is the difference between ATP and ADP?
atp has one more phosphate group
what is energy based one?
the arrangement of e- in chemical bonds
during glycolysis, NAD+ is turned into?
NADH
what is another name for the etc?
oxidative phosphorylation
as electrons from the NADH "fall" into the electron chains, what is released?
energy
which part of cellular respiration generates the most atp?
the electron transport chain
what happens during chemiosmosis?
potential energy in water is used to make atp
during what process is NADH converted to NAD+?
fermentation
food molecules provide raw materials for what process?
biosynthesis
what does atp stand for?
adenosine triphosphate
what does adp stand for?
adenosine diphosphate
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