How to pronounce the word &#39

How to pronounce the word &#39

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Definition of epoch noun from the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary

     

    epoch

     noun

    noun

    BrE BrE//ˈiːpɒk//

     

    ; NAmE NAmE//ˈepək//

     

    (formal or literary)

     
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  1. 1a period of time in history, especially one during which important events or changes happen synonym era The death of the emperor marked the end of an epoch in the country’s history. Oxford Collocations Dictionary adjectivenew, modern, present, verb + epochmark prepositionduring an/​the epoch, in an/​the epoch, epoch of, phrasesthe beginning of an epoch, the end of an epoch See full entry
  2. 2 (geology) a length of time which is a division of a period. geological epochs
  3. Word Originearly 17th cent. (in the Latin form epocha; originally in the general sense of ‘a date from which succeeding years are numbered’): from modern Latin epocha, from Greek epokhē ‘stoppage, fixed point of time’, from epekhein ‘stop, take up a position’, from epi ‘upon, near to’ + ekhein ‘stay, be in a certain state’.Extra examples Welfare reform was an epoch in the history of US social policy. an epoch of great social change the importance of the computer in the present epoch The death of the emperor marked the end of an epoch in the country’s history.

See epoch in the Oxford Learner’s Dictionary of Academic EnglishSee epoch in the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary

Check pronunciation: epoch


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  • epoch-making adjective

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© 2018 Oxford University Press

epoch

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary

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Contents

  • 1 English
    • 1.1 Etymology
    • 1.2 Pronunciation
    • 1.3 Noun
      • 1.3.1 Synonyms
      • 1.3.2 Related terms
      • 1.3.3 Translations
    • 1.4 Verb
    • 1.5 Further reading
    • 1.6 Anagrams

English[ edit ]

Etymology[ edit ]

From Medieval Latin epocha , from Ancient Greek ἐποχή (epokhḗ, a check, cessation, stop, pause, epoch of a star, i.e., the point at which it seems to halt after reaching the highest, and generally the place of a star; hence, a historical epoch), from ἐπέχω (epékhō, I hold in, check), from ἐπι- (epi-, upon) + ἔχω (ékhō, I have, hold).

Pronunciation[ edit ]

  • ( UK ) IPA ( key ): /ˈiːˌpɒk/, /ˈɛpˌək/
  • ( US ) IPA ( key ): /ˈɛpˌək/, /ˈɛpˌɑk/, /ˈipˌɑk/, /ˈeɪˌpɑk/
  • Audio (US)
    ( file )

Noun[ edit ]

epoch (plural epochs )

  1. A particular period of history , especially one considered noteworthy or remarkable .
    • 2012 January, Donald Worster, “A Drier and Hotter Future”, in American Scientist [1] , volume 100, number 1, page 70:

      Phoenix and Lubbock are both caught in severe drought, and it is going to get much worse. We may see many such [dust] storms in the decades ahead, along with species extinctions, radical disturbance of ecosystems, and intensified social conflict over land and water. Welcome to the Anthropocene, the epoch when humans have become a major geological and climatic force.
  2. A notable event which marks the beginning of such a period.
  3. ( astronomy ) A precise instant of time that is used as a point of reference .
  4. ( computing ) Uses in computing.
    1. A precise instant of time that is used as a point of reference (e.g., January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 UTC ).
    2. One complete presentation of the training data set to an iterative machine learning algorithm .
      The neural network was trained over 500 epochs.
  5. ( geology ) A unit of geologic time subdividing a period into smaller parts.

Synonyms[ edit ]

  • (particular period in history): age , era (only in general usage; in geology the words age, epoch, and era have specific meanings)

Related terms[ edit ]

  • epochal
  • epoche , epoché
  • epochless

Translations[ edit ]

particular period of history
  • Albanian: epokë   (sq)   f
  • Arabic: عَصْر ‎‎  m (ʿaṣr), عُصُور ‎‎  m  pl (ʿuṣūr), زَمَان ‎  (ar)   m (zamān)
  • Armenian: դարաշրջան   (hy) (darašrǰan), դար   (hy) (dar), ժամանակաշրջան   (hy) (žamanakašrǰan)
  • Azerbaijani: dövr   (az) , epoxa
  • Belarusian: эпо́ха   f (epóxa)
  • Bengali: কাল (kal)
  • Bulgarian: епоха   (bg)   f (epoha)
  • Burmese: ယုဂ်   (my) (yug)
  • Catalan: època   f
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: 時代   (zh) , 时代   (zh) (shídài)
  • Czech: epocha   f
  • Danish: epoke   c
  • Dutch: tijdperk   (nl)   n
  • Esperanto: epoko
  • Estonian: epohh   (et) , ajajärk   (et)
  • Finnish: aikakausi   (fi) , ajanjakso   (fi) , epookki   (fi)
  • French: époque   (fr)   f, ère   (fr)   f, période   (fr)   f
  • Friulian: epuche   f, ete   f
  • Galician: época   (gl)   f
  • Georgian: ეპოქა (eṗoka)
  • German: Epoche   (de)   f, Ära   (de)   f
  • Greek: εποχή   (el)   f (epochí)
  • Hindi: युग   (hi)   m (yug), काल   (hi)   m (kāl)
  • Hungarian: kor   (hu)
  • Indonesian: kala   (id)
  • Italian: epoca   (it)   f
  • Japanese: 時代   (ja) (じだい, jidai)
  • Kazakh: дәуір   (kk) (däwir), заман (zaman)
  • Khmer: យុគ   (km) (yuk)
  • Korean: 시대   (ko) (sidae)
  • Kyrgyz: доор   (ky) (door), заман   (ky) (zaman), эпоха (epoha)
  • Lao: ຍຸກ (nyuk)
  • Latvian: laikmets   m
  • Lithuanian: epocha   (lt)   f
  • Macedonian: епоха   f (epoha)
  • Malay: zaman   (ms) , masa   (ms)
  • Norwegian:
    Bokmål: epoke   (no)   m
    Nynorsk: epoke   m
  • Persian: دوره ‎  (fa) (davre), زمان ‎  (fa) (zamân)
  • Polish: epoka   (pl)   f
  • Portuguese: época   (pt)   f, era   (pt)   f
  • Romanian: epocă   (ro)   f, eră   (ro)   f
  • Russian: эпо́ха   (ru)   f (epóxa), э́ра   (ru)   f (éra)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: епоха   f
    Roman: epoha   (sh)   f
  • Slovak: epocha   (sk)   f
  • Slovene: epoha   f
  • Spanish: época   (es)   f
  • Swedish: epok   (sv)   c
  • Tagalog: daktion
  • Tajik: давра (davra), замон   (tg) (zamon)
  • Thai: ยุค   (th) (yúk)
  • Turkish: devir   (tr) , çağ   (tr) , zaman   (tr)
  • Turkmen: döwür , zaman   (tk)
  • Ukrainian: епо́ха   f (epóxa)
  • Uzbek: davr   (uz) , epoxa   (uz)
  • Vietnamese: thời đại   (vi)
  • Yiddish: עפּאָכע ‎‎  f (epokhe)
notable event
  • Finnish: käännekohta   (fi) , epookki   (fi)
  • French: singularité   (fr)   f, évènement   (fr)   m
  • Italian: avvenimento   (it)   m, singolarità   (it)   f
  • Romanian: eveniment   (ro)   n
(astronomy) time reference point
  • Finnish: epookki   (fi)
  • Italian: orario epocale , epoca   (it)
(computing) time reference point
  • French: moneto   (fr)   m
  • Italian: epoca   (it)
geology: a unit of geologic time
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin:   (zh) (shì)
  • Finnish: epookki   (fi)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations .
Translations to be checked
  • Serbo-Croatian: епоха epoha f
  • Serbo-Croatian: (please verify ) epoha   (sh)   f
  • Spanish: (please verify ) época   (es)   f
  • Swedish: (please verify ) epok   (sv)   c

Verb[ edit ]

epoch (third-person singular simple present epochs , present participle epoching , simple past and past participle epoched )

  1. ( sciences , transitive ) To divide (data) into segments by time period .
    • 2015 July 6, “Stronger Neural Modulation by Visual Motion Intensity in Autism Spectrum Disorders”, in PLOS ONE [2] , DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0132531 :

      The continuous data were epoched into segments of 1500 ms (starting 500 ms before visual stimulus onset), time-locked to stimulus onset (0 ms) and sorted according to experimental conditions.

Further reading[ edit ]

  • epoch in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary , G. & C. Merriam, 1913
  • epoch in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • epoch at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams[ edit ]

  • Poche , chope , poché

Retrieved from ” https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=epoch&oldid=50761615 ”
Categories :

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  • English terms derived from Ancient Greek
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  • en:Astronomy
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  • en:Geology
  • English verbs
  • en:Sciences
  • English transitive verbs
  • en:Time
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      epoch

      Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary

      Jump to navigation
      Jump to search

      Contents

      • 1 English
        • 1.1 Etymology
        • 1.2 Pronunciation
        • 1.3 Noun
          • 1.3.1 Synonyms
          • 1.3.2 Related terms
          • 1.3.3 Translations
        • 1.4 Verb
        • 1.5 Further reading
        • 1.6 Anagrams

      English[ edit ]

      Etymology[ edit ]

      From Medieval Latin epocha , from Ancient Greek ἐποχή (epokhḗ, a check, cessation, stop, pause, epoch of a star, i.e., the point at which it seems to halt after reaching the highest, and generally the place of a star; hence, a historical epoch), from ἐπέχω (epékhō, I hold in, check), from ἐπι- (epi-, upon) + ἔχω (ékhō, I have, hold).

      Pronunciation[ edit ]

      • ( UK ) IPA ( key ): /ˈiːˌpɒk/, /ˈɛpˌək/
      • ( US ) IPA ( key ): /ˈɛpˌək/, /ˈɛpˌɑk/, /ˈipˌɑk/, /ˈeɪˌpɑk/
      • Audio (US)
        ( file )

      Noun[ edit ]

      epoch (plural epochs )

      1. A particular period of history , especially one considered noteworthy or remarkable .
        • 2012 January, Donald Worster, “A Drier and Hotter Future”, in American Scientist [1] , volume 100, number 1, page 70:

          Phoenix and Lubbock are both caught in severe drought, and it is going to get much worse. We may see many such [dust] storms in the decades ahead, along with species extinctions, radical disturbance of ecosystems, and intensified social conflict over land and water. Welcome to the Anthropocene, the epoch when humans have become a major geological and climatic force.
      2. A notable event which marks the beginning of such a period.
      3. ( astronomy ) A precise instant of time that is used as a point of reference .
      4. ( computing ) Uses in computing.
        1. A precise instant of time that is used as a point of reference (e.g., January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 UTC ).
        2. One complete presentation of the training data set to an iterative machine learning algorithm .
          The neural network was trained over 500 epochs.
      5. ( geology ) A unit of geologic time subdividing a period into smaller parts.

      Synonyms[ edit ]

      • (particular period in history): age , era (only in general usage; in geology the words age, epoch, and era have specific meanings)

      Related terms[ edit ]

      • epochal
      • epoche , epoché
      • epochless

      Translations[ edit ]

      particular period of history
      • Albanian: epokë   (sq)   f
      • Arabic: عَصْر ‎‎  m (ʿaṣr), عُصُور ‎‎  m  pl (ʿuṣūr), زَمَان ‎  (ar)   m (zamān)
      • Armenian: դարաշրջան   (hy) (darašrǰan), դար   (hy) (dar), ժամանակաշրջան   (hy) (žamanakašrǰan)
      • Azerbaijani: dövr   (az) , epoxa
      • Belarusian: эпо́ха   f (epóxa)
      • Bengali: কাল (kal)
      • Bulgarian: епоха   (bg)   f (epoha)
      • Burmese: ယုဂ်   (my) (yug)
      • Catalan: època   f
      • Chinese:
        Mandarin: 時代   (zh) , 时代   (zh) (shídài)
      • Czech: epocha   f
      • Danish: epoke   c
      • Dutch: tijdperk   (nl)   n
      • Esperanto: epoko
      • Estonian: epohh   (et) , ajajärk   (et)
      • Finnish: aikakausi   (fi) , ajanjakso   (fi) , epookki   (fi)
      • French: époque   (fr)   f, ère   (fr)   f, période   (fr)   f
      • Friulian: epuche   f, ete   f
      • Galician: época   (gl)   f
      • Georgian: ეპოქა (eṗoka)
      • German: Epoche   (de)   f, Ära   (de)   f
      • Greek: εποχή   (el)   f (epochí)
      • Hindi: युग   (hi)   m (yug), काल   (hi)   m (kāl)
      • Hungarian: kor   (hu)
      • Indonesian: kala   (id)
      • Italian: epoca   (it)   f
      • Japanese: 時代   (ja) (じだい, jidai)
      • Kazakh: дәуір   (kk) (däwir), заман (zaman)
      • Khmer: យុគ   (km) (yuk)
      • Korean: 시대   (ko) (sidae)
      • Kyrgyz: доор   (ky) (door), заман   (ky) (zaman), эпоха (epoha)
      • Lao: ຍຸກ (nyuk)
      • Latvian: laikmets   m
      • Lithuanian: epocha   (lt)   f
      • Macedonian: епоха   f (epoha)
      • Malay: zaman   (ms) , masa   (ms)
      • Norwegian:
        Bokmål: epoke   (no)   m
        Nynorsk: epoke   m
      • Persian: دوره ‎  (fa) (davre), زمان ‎  (fa) (zamân)
      • Polish: epoka   (pl)   f
      • Portuguese: época   (pt)   f, era   (pt)   f
      • Romanian: epocă   (ro)   f, eră   (ro)   f
      • Russian: эпо́ха   (ru)   f (epóxa), э́ра   (ru)   f (éra)
      • Serbo-Croatian:
        Cyrillic: епоха   f
        Roman: epoha   (sh)   f
      • Slovak: epocha   (sk)   f
      • Slovene: epoha   f
      • Spanish: época   (es)   f
      • Swedish: epok   (sv)   c
      • Tagalog: daktion
      • Tajik: давра (davra), замон   (tg) (zamon)
      • Thai: ยุค   (th) (yúk)
      • Turkish: devir   (tr) , çağ   (tr) , zaman   (tr)
      • Turkmen: döwür , zaman   (tk)
      • Ukrainian: епо́ха   f (epóxa)
      • Uzbek: davr   (uz) , epoxa   (uz)
      • Vietnamese: thời đại   (vi)
      • Yiddish: עפּאָכע ‎‎  f (epokhe)
      notable event
      • Finnish: käännekohta   (fi) , epookki   (fi)
      • French: singularité   (fr)   f, évènement   (fr)   m
      • Italian: avvenimento   (it)   m, singolarità   (it)   f
      • Romanian: eveniment   (ro)   n
      (astronomy) time reference point
      • Finnish: epookki   (fi)
      • Italian: orario epocale , epoca   (it)
      (computing) time reference point
      • French: moneto   (fr)   m
      • Italian: epoca   (it)
      geology: a unit of geologic time
      • Chinese:
        Mandarin:   (zh) (shì)
      • Finnish: epookki   (fi)
      The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations .
      Translations to be checked
      • Serbo-Croatian: епоха epoha f
      • Serbo-Croatian: (please verify ) epoha   (sh)   f
      • Spanish: (please verify ) época   (es)   f
      • Swedish: (please verify ) epok   (sv)   c

      Verb[ edit ]

      epoch (third-person singular simple present epochs , present participle epoching , simple past and past participle epoched )

      1. ( sciences , transitive ) To divide (data) into segments by time period .
        • 2015 July 6, “Stronger Neural Modulation by Visual Motion Intensity in Autism Spectrum Disorders”, in PLOS ONE [2] , DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0132531 :

          The continuous data were epoched into segments of 1500 ms (starting 500 ms before visual stimulus onset), time-locked to stimulus onset (0 ms) and sorted according to experimental conditions.

      Further reading[ edit ]

      • epoch in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary , G. & C. Merriam, 1913
      • epoch in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
      • epoch at OneLook Dictionary Search

      Anagrams[ edit ]

      • Poche , chope , poché

      Retrieved from ” https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=epoch&oldid=50761615 ”
      Categories :

      • English terms derived from Medieval Latin
      • English terms derived from Ancient Greek
      • English 2-syllable words
      • English terms with IPA pronunciation
      • English terms with audio links
      • English lemmas
      • English nouns
      • English countable nouns
      • en:Astronomy
      • en:Computing
      • English terms with usage examples
      • en:Geology
      • English verbs
      • en:Sciences
      • English transitive verbs
      • en:Time
      Hidden categories:

      • Italian redlinks
      • Italian redlinks/t
      • Requests for review of Serbo-Croatian translations
      • Requests for review of Spanish translations
      • Requests for review of Swedish translations

      Navigation menu

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          • Français
          • 한국어
          • Ido
          • Italiano
          • ಕನ್ನಡ
          • Kurdî
          • Lietuvių
          • Magyar
          • Malagasy
          • മലയാളം
          • Malti
          • မြန်မာဘာသာ
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          • ភាសាខ្មែរ
          • Polski
          • Português
          • Русский
          • Suomi
          • Svenska
          • தமிழ்
          • తెలుగు
          • ᏣᎳᎩ
          • اردو
          • Tiếng Việt
          • 中文

          Print/export

          • Create a book
          • Download as PDF
          • Printable version

          • This page was last edited on 26 November 2018, at 01:02.
          • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
          • Privacy policy
          • About Wiktionary
          • Disclaimers
          • Developers
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