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Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Children: A Symptom Test from the …

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Symptom Tests

[Self-Test] Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Children

Oppositional defiant disorder is more than occasional aggressive or irritating behavior. It’s a pattern of angry, uncooperative, and mean conduct that negatively impacts a child’s life at home and at school. Use this self-test to find out if your defiant child is showing signs of ODD, along with or instead of ADHD.

By ADDitude Editors

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Reviewed by Roberto Olivardia, Ph.D. , a member of our ADHD Specialist Panel

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a behavioral and conduct disorder that affects as many as 16 percent of children in the general population; that number is even higher for patients with attention deficit disorder ( ADHD or ADD ). ODD includes regular temper tantrums, excessive arguments with adults, and uncooperative, deliberately annoying actions. It can disrupt the peace at home and school, and may be difficult to distinguish from typical independence-seeking behavior during the toddler and teen years.

The symptoms of ODD may look different in girls and boys, for whom the condition is more common. Boys with ODD tend to be more physically aggressive and have explosive anger while girls often lie, refuse to cooperate, and express symptoms in other indirect ways. ODD is usually diagnosed in childhood; some children outgrow the condition by age eight or nine.Early intervention and treatment are the best way to help correct oppositional behavior before it progresses into a more serious mental health concern.

When you take this self-test, think about your child’s behavior over the last six months or longer, behaviors that are excessive compared to what is usual for your child’s age and that significantly impair the child’s normal daily activities. You may want to take the results to a mental health professional for clinical evaluation and diagnosis.

This self-test for ODD was designed from symptom criteria in the American Psychiatric Association DSM 5, 2013. It is not a diagnostic tool but is designed to determine whether your child shows symptoms similar to those of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), symptoms that might warrant a clinical evaluation by a mental health professional. This screener is for personal use only.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Children: Conduct Disorder Quiz


Can’t see the self-test questions above? Click here to open this test in a new window.


SOURCES

https://www.aacap.org/App_Themes/AACAP/docs/resource_centers/odd/odd_resource_center_odd_guide.pdf
http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families_and_Youth/Facts_for_Families/FFF-Guide/Children-With-Oppositional-Defiant-Disorder-072.aspx
http://my.clevelandclinic.org/childrens-hospital/health-info/diseases-conditions/hic-oppositional-defiant-disorder

What To Do Next:

1. Take This Test: Does My Child Have ADHD / ADD?
2. Take This Test: Sensory Processing Disorder in Children
3. Take This Test: Executive Function Disorder in Children
4. Download The 15-Day Fix to Stop Defiant Behavior in its Tracks
5. Find an ADHD or ODD specialist nearby in our ADDitude Directory
6. Listen to “ODD and ADHD: Strategies for Parenting Defiant Children” – an Expert Webinar with Ross W. Greene, Ph.D.
7. Read More About the ADHD-ODD Link in Children

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  1. My son is 9 and I did the test for odd, and scored high,is there meds for that?

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Why Am I So Angry All the Time? ODD in Adults

Symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder are common in adults with ADHD, but seldom diagnosed. Here, Russell Barkley, Ph.D., explains common symptoms of ODD in adults, and how to get anger-management help.

By Russell Barkley, Ph.D.

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A woman hits a man with boxing gloves due to adult Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms
Adult Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms

What are the Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder ODD in Adults ?

Adults with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) feel mad at the world, and they lose their temper regularly, sometimes daily. Adults with ODD defend themselves relentlessly when someone says they’ve done something wrong. They feel misunderstood and disliked, hemmed in and pushed around. Some feel like mavericks or rebels. Others feel angry all of the time.

What Causes Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Adults ?

The roots of ODD are unclear. It could be that a pattern of rebellion sets in when children with ADHD are constantly at odds with adults who are trying to make them behave in ways that their executive function deficit prohibits. By the time kids have had ADHD symptoms for two or three years, 45 to 84 percent of them develop oppositional defiant disorder, too.

[ Self-Test: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in Adults ]

How Does ADHD Relate to ODD in Adults?

It could be that the emotional regulation problems that come with attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) make it more difficult to manage anger and frustration. The impulsive emotion associated with ADHD means a greater quickness to anger, impatience, and a low frustration tolerance, which can be the spark that lights the fire of ODD. Venting and acting out toward others leads to conflict. Maybe that’s why adults with ODD are more likely to get fired, even though poor work performance ratings are caused more by ADHD.

How is Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Adults Treated?

In many cases, the stimulant medications used to treat ADHD also improve symptoms of ODD in adults.

What if ADHD Medication Doesn’t Help?

Enroll in an anger-management course given by a mental health professional at a health clinic or a community college. Taking Charge of Anger , a book by Robert Nay, offers practical advice that may benefit an adult with ODD. Some adults require a second medication, in addition to stimulants, to manage ODD. Learn more about oppositional defiant disorder in children here.

[ How to Treat Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) ]

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    Oppositional Defiant Disorder

    Why Am I So Angry All the Time? ODD in Adults

    Symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder are common in adults with ADHD, but seldom diagnosed. Here, Russell Barkley, Ph.D., explains common symptoms of ODD in adults, and how to get anger-management help.

    By Russell Barkley, Ph.D.

      Share Article Menu

    • Facebook
    • Pinterest
    • Twitter
    • Print
    • Email
    • SMS
    A woman hits a man with boxing gloves due to adult Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms
    Adult Oppositional Defiant Disorder symptoms

    What are the Symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder ODD in Adults ?

    Adults with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) feel mad at the world, and they lose their temper regularly, sometimes daily. Adults with ODD defend themselves relentlessly when someone says they’ve done something wrong. They feel misunderstood and disliked, hemmed in and pushed around. Some feel like mavericks or rebels. Others feel angry all of the time.

    What Causes Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Adults ?

    The roots of ODD are unclear. It could be that a pattern of rebellion sets in when children with ADHD are constantly at odds with adults who are trying to make them behave in ways that their executive function deficit prohibits. By the time kids have had ADHD symptoms for two or three years, 45 to 84 percent of them develop oppositional defiant disorder, too.

    [ Self-Test: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in Adults ]

    How Does ADHD Relate to ODD in Adults?

    It could be that the emotional regulation problems that come with attention deficit disorder (ADHD or ADD) make it more difficult to manage anger and frustration. The impulsive emotion associated with ADHD means a greater quickness to anger, impatience, and a low frustration tolerance, which can be the spark that lights the fire of ODD. Venting and acting out toward others leads to conflict. Maybe that’s why adults with ODD are more likely to get fired, even though poor work performance ratings are caused more by ADHD.

    How is Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Adults Treated?

    In many cases, the stimulant medications used to treat ADHD also improve symptoms of ODD in adults.

    What if ADHD Medication Doesn’t Help?

    Enroll in an anger-management course given by a mental health professional at a health clinic or a community college. Taking Charge of Anger , a book by Robert Nay, offers practical advice that may benefit an adult with ODD. Some adults require a second medication, in addition to stimulants, to manage ODD. Learn more about oppositional defiant disorder in children here.

    [ How to Treat Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) ]

    Previous Article Next Article

      Share Article Menu

    • Facebook
    • Pinterest
    • Twitter
    • Print
    • Email
    • SMS

    Understand Conditions Newsletter

    More than half of people with ADHD also have another condition.

    It appears JavaScript is disabled in your browser.Please enable JavaScript and refresh the page in order to complete this form.

    Read These Next

    Little girl facing away from the camera and looking toward the water, symbolizing ADHD and emotional withdrawal in women

    ADHD, Women, and the Danger of Emotional Withdrawal

    ADHD and emotional withdrawal — pulling away from friends, strangers, and loved ones alike — often go…

    Two umbrellas symbolizing the rain that can fall on a marriage when one partner has Rejection Sensitivity (RS), or Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria

    How Rejection Sensitivity Casts a Cloud Over My Marriage

    I feel personally attacked more than most people do. The sharp tips of criticism gut me open. Even the…

    Hypersensitivity and ADHD

    Hypersensitivity Is Not Imagined

    "Toughen up!" "Dont be so sensitive." "I cant believe that bothers you!" If you have a high level of…

    More Articles Recommended For You

    • “My Appearance Is the Only Thing I Can Control.”

    • “I’m Fighting for Us”

    • [Self-Test] Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Adults

    Free Download

    Free Handout: Get a Grip on Tough Emotions

    Get this free download

    More Articles Recommended For You

    One of the best ADHD podcasts deals with shame, represented by this woman with hands over her face

    Why ADD Makes You Feel. So. Much.

    An illustration of how emotions work in the ADHD brain.

    Exaggerated Emotions: How and Why ADHD Triggers Intense Feelings

    A man explodes in anger, showing symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder in adults.

    What Does Oppositional Defiant Disorder Look Like in Adults?

    How Symptoms of ADD Change The Way You Feel and Think

    3 Defining Features of ADHD That Everyone Overlooks

    2 Related Links

      Leave a Reply Cancel reply

      You must be logged in to post a comment.