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 World History questions and answers

What are the symbols and most cherished beliefs of�Polytheism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism,…

Question:

What are the symbols and most cherished beliefs of?Polytheism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Daoism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?

Polytheism versus Monotheism:

Polytheistic religions believe that the Supreme Almighty manifests in various forms. Monotheism believes in the existence of only one God who does not assume different forms.

Answer and Explanation:

Polytheism believes in the existence of several gods. The word ‘poly’ stands for ‘many’ and ‘theism’ signifies ‘ god’.

In the Hindu thought, there is a Supreme Creator who is represented by the Holy Trinity- Bramha ( Creator), Vishnu ( Protector) and Mahesh( god of Death). The two main symbols of Hindus are the Swastik and the syllable, Om.

Buddhism is a variant of Hinduism and it does not believe in the Holy Trinity as the Hindus do. Buddhism also believes in reincarnation like the Hindus and is associated with the Stupas or holy temples. Some of the ancient Buddhist stupas contain relics of Gautam Buddha.

Confucianism is a way of life and its teachings are based on logic and rationality. It is not polytheistic in approach. There are four main symbols associated with Confucianism- the symbol os water, the symbol of the scholar and the figures of Yin and Yang.

Islam, Christianity, and Judaism are inter-related and all three believe in a single supreme entity. All these three religions believe in the concept of messengers. Islam does not have a preferred symbol but Christianity does and it is the Holy Cross. The Star of David is the holy symbol of Judaism.

Taoism believes in living in harmony with Tao. It is holistic in nature and its chief symbols are those of the yin and yang.

Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Persians, is monotheistic in approach. It believes in one creator- Ahura Mazda. The sacred fire is the holy symbol of the Zoroastrians.


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