Dormir Conjugation French verb &#39

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  3. Conjugating the Spanish Verb Dormir (to Sleep)

Conjugating the Spanish Verb Dormir (to Sleep)

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and each group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like dormir, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you use it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

In the present tense, dormir (dohr-meer) (to sleep) has an o-toue stem change in all but the nosotros and vosotros forms. Here’s the present tense conjugation:

The Present Tense of Dormir
ConjugationTranslation
yo duermoI sleep
tú duermesYou (informal) sleep
él/ella/ello/uno duermeHe/she/one sleeps
usted duermeYou (formal) sleep
nosotros dormimosWe sleep
vosotros dormísYou all (informal) sleep
ellos/ellas duermenThey sleep
ustedes duermenYou all (formal) sleep

The following examples show you dormir in action:

  • ¿Duermes bien, José? (Do you sleep well, José?)

  • Sí. Yo duermo bien todas las noches. (Yes. I sleep well every night.)

In the preterit, dormir undergoes an o-to-u stem change in the third-person singular and third-person plural forms only. All the other forms conjugate normally. Take a look.

The Preterit Tense of Dormir
ConjugationTranslation
yo dormíI slept
tú dormisteYou (informal) slept
él/ella/ello/uno durmióHe/she/one slept
usted durmióYou (formal) slept
nosotros dormimosWe slept
vosotros dormisteisYou all (informal) slept
ellos/ellas durmieronThey slept
ustedes durmieronYou all (formal) slept

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • La profesora durmió. (The professor slept.)

  • Cristina y María durmieron en mi casa. (Cristina and María slept in my house.)

You’re off the hook with the stem change in the imperfect and future forms; dormir conjugates normally in these tenses. Check out the following tables and examples.

The Imperfect Tense of Dormir
ConjugationTranslation
yo dormíaI used to sleep
tú dormíasYou (informal) used to sleep
él/ella/ello/uno dormíaHe/she/one used to sleep
usted dormíaYou (formal) used to sleep
nosotros dormíamosWe used to sleep
vosotros dormíaisYou all (informal) used to sleep
ellos/ellas dormíanThey used to sleep
ustedes dormíanYou all (formal) used to sleep

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense:

  • Mi padre dormía y roncaba. (My father used to sleep and snore.)

  • ¿Dormíais vosotros en clase? (Did you used to sleep in class?)

The Future Tense of Dormir
ConjugationTranslation
yo dormiréI will sleep
tú dormirásYou (informal) will sleep
él/ella/ello/uno dormiráHe/she/one will sleep
usted dormiráYou (formal) will sleep
nosotros dormiramosWe will sleep
vosotros dormiréisYou all (informal) will sleep
ellos/ellas dormiránThey will sleep
ustedes dormiránYou all (formal) will sleep

The following samples put the future tense to work:

  • ¿Dormirán ustedes junto al lago? (Will you sleep near the lake?)

  • No. Dormiremos en la cabina. (No. We will sleep in the cabin.)



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  • Conjugate dormir and other -mir verbs in Le Présent (present tense)

Conjugate dormir and other -mir verbs in Le Présent (present tense)

Posted by Aurélie Drouard
In: Level A1 , Verbs Tenses & Conjugation , Présent indicatif , Verbes avec -MIR, -TIR et -VIR
Questions: 12
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The verb dormir, like other irregular -MIR verbs in Le Présent, doesn’t conjugate like regular -IR verbs:

 

je dorsI sleep
tu dorsyou sleep (one person you know well)
il/elle/on dorthe/she/it/one sleeps / we/people sleep
  
nous dormonswe sleep
vous dormezyou sleep (more than one person or formal)
ils/elles dormentthey sleep

Listen to these examples:

J’ai de la chance, je me rendors facilement.
I’m lucky, I fall back to sleep easily.

Tu dors combien d’heures par nuit ?
How many hours a night do you sleep?

Il s’endort souvent sur son livre.
He often falls asleep on his book.

Nous dormons toujours ensemble.
We always sleep together.

En général, vous dormez profondément.
Generally, you sleep deeply.

Les enfants dorment paisiblement.
The children are sleeping peacefully.

 

 

Other irregular -MIR verbs include:

s’endormir (to fall asleep)

endormir (to put <someone> to sleep)

se rendormir (to fall back to sleep)

Learn more about these related French grammar topics

Présent indicatif

Verbes avec -MIR, -TIR et -VIR

Examples and resources

Nous dormons toujours ensemble.
We always sleep together.


J’ai de la chance, je me rendors facilement.
I’m lucky, I fall back to sleep easily.


Il s’endort souvent sur son livre.
He often falls asleep on his book.


Tu dors combien d’heures par nuit ?
How many hours a night do you sleep?


Les enfants dorment paisiblement.
The children are sleeping peacefully.


En général, vous dormez profondément.
Generally, you sleep deeply.


Q&A

Rant

Kwiziq community member

11 September 2018

1 reply

Regular -ir conjugation

Since verbs ending in -mir are conjugated differently than those ending in -ir, it would be useful to be able to see easily how regular -ir verbs are conjugated to compare them. Maybe a link to that lesson?

Reply

Chris

Kwiziq community member

11 September 2018

11/09/18

Here is a link to a page where you can check all conjugations:

http://www.verbix.com/languages/french.html

Reply

Marie

Kwiziq community member

18 February 2018

4 replies

Are you saying that that is the incorrect way to conjugate it?

Reply

Chris

Kwiziq community member

19 February 2018

19/02/18

Hi Marie, the conjugation given in the lesson is correct. Was that your question?

— Chris. 

Reply

Marie

Kwiziq community member

22 February 2018

22/02/18

I was confused by seeing “rendors” and “endort” in the examples, but not in the original conjugation. I would have explain my question better, but it didn’t like the length of my question at first.

So endormir is to fall asleep, and rendormir is to fall back to sleep?

Reply

Chris

Kwiziq community member

23 February 2018

23/02/18

Yes, correct: “endormir” is to fall asleep and “rendormir” is to fall back to sleep.

They all follow the same pattern of conjugation as their root verb: dormir:

je dors — je m’endors.
tu dors — tu t’endors.
il dort — il s’endort.

…. and so on. They share the same endings with “dormir”.

— Chris (not a native speaker).

Reply

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

26 August 2018

26/08/18

Hi Marie,

Just a correction- 

‘S‘endormir’ is to fall asleep and ‘Se rendormir’ is to fall back to sleep as they are both reflexive verbs.

Reply

G

Kwiziq community member

2 February 2018

4 replies

Could someone please explain why ‘de’ is needed in this sentence?

‘J’écoute de la musique’
Merci

Reply

Chris

Kwiziq community member

3 February 2018

3/02/18

You can also say “j’écoute la musique” but it means “I am listening to the music”, talking about a specific piece of music. Using “de la music”, i.e., using the partitive article, it makes it unspecific: “I am listening to (some) music”.

— Chris (not a native speaker).

Reply

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

5 February 2018

5/02/18

I think this is because of the verb ´écouter’ .
You have to use the partitive “de la” as you can only listen to some music at any one time.
You would say – “J’aime la musique ” as it is a general statement about liking music in general.
Hope this helps !
Reply

Chris

Kwiziq community member

7 February 2018

7/02/18

But I believe you could, for example, say: “Tu as déjà écouté la musique de ce CD que je t’ai prêté?”

— Chris (not a native speaker).

Reply

Cécile

Kwiziq language super star

9 February 2018

9/02/18

Yes ,indeed but that makes it specific, to listen to music would always be écouter de la musique.
Reply

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