chapter 28 the new frontier Flashcards

 
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JaynaD

chapter 28 the new frontier

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john f kennedy
president of the camelot years
his vision of progress was called the new frontier
flexible response
a kennedy administration policy that involved preparing a variety of military responses to crises
fidel castro
communist leader of cuba who openly sought out soviet aid
Cuban Missile Crisis
six days long
USSR sided with Cuba
after a us invasion of cuba the use of nuclear weapons went back and forward
berlin wall
a concrete divider topped with barbed wire that separated west or free berlin and the communist east berlin
hot line
a phone line used for crisis management linking the white house to the kremlin
1963
limited test ban treaty
1963 us and soviet agreement to bar nuclear testing in the atmosphere
mandate
a strong message from voters compelling a president to act in a certain way
peace corps
a kennedy program that offered volunteer help to developing nations in asia africa and latin america
alliance for progress
a foreign aid program giving technical and economic assistance to LA countries
warren commission
the federal panel that investigated the kennedy assassination
lyndon baines johnson
the successor to kennedy who conducted the war on poverty and had vision of the great society
great society
LBJs broad program and vision for america to reduce poverty and racial injustice and promote quality of life
economic opportunity act
part of LBJS war on poverty that funded youth programs, anti poverty measures and job training
medicare
great society program providing medical assistance to almost every american age 65 or older
medicaid
great society program providing health insurance to welfare recipients
immigration act of 1965
great society law that ended immigration quotas based on nationality
warren court
supreme court era named after chief justice noted for activism in the areas of civil rights and free speech
reapportionment
term for the way in which states redraw elections districts to reflect changes in population
miranda vs arizona
criminal justice case that led to requirement to inform suspects of their rights before questioning
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ggaon

20.2 "The New Frontier"

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New Frontier
President JFK legislative program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program
mandate
The authority to act that an elected official receives from the voters who elected him or her
Peace Corps
An agency established in 1961 to provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
Alliance for Progress
A U.S foreign aid program of the 1960’s, providing economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries
Warren Commission
A group headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren, that investigated the assassination of JFK and concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald was alone responsible for it
Who was Alan Shepard?
American astronaut who became the first American to travel into space; Freedom 7 was his spacecraft
Why was Kennedy’s "New Frontier" agenda limited?
he faced the same conservative coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats that had blocked Truman’s Fair Deal, and he showed little skill in pushing his domestic reform measures through Congress. Since Kennedy had been elected by the slimmest of margins, he lacked a popular mandate and had to play it safe.
Describe the US economy in 1960 and what the policy was to address the economy.
the economy was in a recession so Kennedy’s advisers pushed for the use of deficit spending, which had been the basis for Roosevelt’s New Deal. They said that stimulating economic growth depended on increased government spending and lower taxes, even if it meant that the government spent more than it took in.
recession
a moderate slowdown of the economy marked by increased unemployment and reduced personal consumption.
What was the nickname for the Peace Corps and why was it given that nickname?
"Kennedy’s Kiddie Korps" because many volunteers were just out of college
What was partly the purpose of the Alliance for Progress?
in part to deter these countries from picking up Fidel Castro’s revolutionary ideas. While the money brought some development to the region, it didn’t bring fundamental reforms.
Whose opinion was it for the United States to land a man on the moon?
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Who was Yuri A. Gagarin?
Soviet cosmonaut who became the first human in space
What was Kennedy’s response to Gagarin’s flight?
America would surpass the Soviets by sending a man to the moon
Describe what was meant by "the space race".
a 20th-century competition between the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US) for supremacy in spaceflight capability
What happened on July 20, 1969?
Neil Armstrong walked on the moon
What was the result of the US space program?
1) universities expanded their science programs

2) the huge federal funding for research and development gave rise to new industries and new technologies, many of which could be used in business and industry and also in new consumer goods

3) space and defense related industries sprang up in the Southern and Western states, which grew rapidly

What was "The Other America"?
a 1962 book by Michael Harrington that exposed the problem of poverty in America
In 1963, how did Kennedy begin to focus on domestic issues?
he called for a "national assault on the causes of poverty," ordered the Justice Department to investigate racial injustices in the South, and presented Congress with a sweeping civil rights bill and a proposal to cut taxes by over $10 billion.
Why was Kennedy’s popularity falling in 1963?
because of his advocacy for civil rights
Why did Kennedy travel to Dallas, TX in November of 1963?
to mend political fences with members of the state’s Democratic Party
What happened to President Kennedy on November 22, 1963?
he was assassinated by gunshot wound to the head by Lee Harvey Oswald who fired from the Texas School Book Depository
Who was charged with the murder of President Kennedy? Why?
Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the murder of Kennedy because his palm print had beenfound on the rifle used to kill John F. Kennedy
Describe Lee Harvey Oswald.
the 24-year-old ex-Marine had a suspicious past. After receiving a dishonorable discharge, Oswald had briefly lived in theSoviet Union, and he supported Castro
Who murdered Lee Harvey Oswald as he was being transferred between Dallas jails?
nightclub owner Jack Ruby
conspiracy
an agreement by two or more persons to take illegal political action
In 1979, a re-investigation into the Kennedy assassination concluded what?
Oswald was part of a conspiracy. Investigators also said that two persons may have fired at the president. Numerous other people have made investigations. Their explanations have ranged from a plot by anti-Castro Cubans, to a Communist-sponsored attack, to a conspiracy by the CIA.
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