Ch 6 emt Flashcards Chapter 7 Quiz Flashcards

 
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35 terms

kenkal

Chapters 7, 8, and 9

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The respiratory rate of 30 breaths per minute in an infant is _.
Normal
The areas of the infant’s skull that have not yet fused together are called _.
Fontanelles
Children of which age group are considered toddlers?
1-3 years
A normal systolic blood pressure for a 30 year old is between:
90 and 140 mmHg
What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult?
12-20 breaths/ min
Atherosclerosis is defined as _.
The buildup of plaque inside blood vessels
Older adults frequently _.
Take multiple medications
In preconventional reasoning, children:
Act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want.
A 16 year old female complains of vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping that began several hours ago. During the assessment interview, you should:
Inquire about the possibility of pregnancy in private, if possible
The human body should be functioning at its optimal level between the ages of:
19 and 25 years
Why do middle adults commonly experience financial concerns?
They are preparing for retirement but must still manage everyday financial demands.
The average pulse rate of persons between 19 and 60 years of age is typically:
70 beats/ minute
An infant’s blood pressure typically increases in age because:
Blood pressure directly corresponds to body weight
You are dispatched to a call for a 4 month old infant with respiratory distress. While you prepare to take care of this child, you must remember that:
Small infants are nose breathers and require clear nasal passages at all times
What is a description of the Moro reflex?
The neonatal opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers, and seems to grasp at something after being startled
What is a physical change that typically occurs in the adolescent age group?
Secondary sexual development begins
Physical changes that typically occur in early adults include an:
increase in fatty tissue, which leads to weight gain
What is NOT a common factor that would affect a 75 year old patients vital signs?
Increased weight
The risk of bleeding in the skull, which increases with age, is MOST directly related to:
Shrinkage of the brain
When you are communicating with an older patient, it is important to remember that:
Age- related changes diminish the effectiveness of eyes and ears
To protect a restrained patient and prevent him from using leverage to break free, the EMT should secure_.
One arm above the head
The _ is both the mechanical weight bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.
Sacrum
An EMT may injure his or her back, even if it is straight, if the:
Back is bent forward at the hips
The proper technique for using the power grip is to:
Lift with the palms up
What is true about patient weight distribution?
The majority of a horizontal patient’s weight is in the torso
To minimize the risk of injuring yourself when lifting or moving a patient, you should:
Keep the weight as close to your body as possible
What is the MOST appropriate device to use when immobilizing a patient with a suspected spine injury?
Long backboard
To facilitate a safe and coordinated move, the team leader should:
Use preparatory commands to initiate any moves
As you and your partner are carrying a stable patient down a flight of stairs in a stair chair, you feel a sudden, sharp pain in your lower back. You should:
Stop the move and request additional lifting assistance
When pulling a patient, you should extend your arms no more than_ in front of your torso.
15 to 20 inches
What is true regarding an emergency patient move?
An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment
Upon arriving at the scene of a motor vehicle crash, you find a single patient still seated in his car. There are no scene hazards. As you approach the vehicle, you note that the patient is semiconscious and has a large laceration to his forehead. You should:
Direct your partner to apply manual in- one support of the patient’s head
The MOST serious consequences of a poorly planned or rushed patient move is:
Injury to you or your patient
What condition or situation presents the MOST unique challenge to the EMT when immobilizing an elderly patient on a long backboard?
Abnormal spine curvature
In contrast to typical wheeled ambulance stretchers, features of a bariatric stretcher include:
Increased stability from a wider wheel base
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35 terms

kenkal

Chapters 7, 8, and 9

STUDY

PLAY

The respiratory rate of 30 breaths per minute in an infant is _.
Normal
The areas of the infant’s skull that have not yet fused together are called _.
Fontanelles
Children of which age group are considered toddlers?
1-3 years
A normal systolic blood pressure for a 30 year old is between:
90 and 140 mmHg
What is the normal respiratory rate for an adult?
12-20 breaths/ min
Atherosclerosis is defined as _.
The buildup of plaque inside blood vessels
Older adults frequently _.
Take multiple medications
In preconventional reasoning, children:
Act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want.
A 16 year old female complains of vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping that began several hours ago. During the assessment interview, you should:
Inquire about the possibility of pregnancy in private, if possible
The human body should be functioning at its optimal level between the ages of:
19 and 25 years
Why do middle adults commonly experience financial concerns?
They are preparing for retirement but must still manage everyday financial demands.
The average pulse rate of persons between 19 and 60 years of age is typically:
70 beats/ minute
An infant’s blood pressure typically increases in age because:
Blood pressure directly corresponds to body weight
You are dispatched to a call for a 4 month old infant with respiratory distress. While you prepare to take care of this child, you must remember that:
Small infants are nose breathers and require clear nasal passages at all times
What is a description of the Moro reflex?
The neonatal opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers, and seems to grasp at something after being startled
What is a physical change that typically occurs in the adolescent age group?
Secondary sexual development begins
Physical changes that typically occur in early adults include an:
increase in fatty tissue, which leads to weight gain
What is NOT a common factor that would affect a 75 year old patients vital signs?
Increased weight
The risk of bleeding in the skull, which increases with age, is MOST directly related to:
Shrinkage of the brain
When you are communicating with an older patient, it is important to remember that:
Age- related changes diminish the effectiveness of eyes and ears
To protect a restrained patient and prevent him from using leverage to break free, the EMT should secure_.
One arm above the head
The _ is both the mechanical weight bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.
Sacrum
An EMT may injure his or her back, even if it is straight, if the:
Back is bent forward at the hips
The proper technique for using the power grip is to:
Lift with the palms up
What is true about patient weight distribution?
The majority of a horizontal patient’s weight is in the torso
To minimize the risk of injuring yourself when lifting or moving a patient, you should:
Keep the weight as close to your body as possible
What is the MOST appropriate device to use when immobilizing a patient with a suspected spine injury?
Long backboard
To facilitate a safe and coordinated move, the team leader should:
Use preparatory commands to initiate any moves
As you and your partner are carrying a stable patient down a flight of stairs in a stair chair, you feel a sudden, sharp pain in your lower back. You should:
Stop the move and request additional lifting assistance
When pulling a patient, you should extend your arms no more than_ in front of your torso.
15 to 20 inches
What is true regarding an emergency patient move?
An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment
Upon arriving at the scene of a motor vehicle crash, you find a single patient still seated in his car. There are no scene hazards. As you approach the vehicle, you note that the patient is semiconscious and has a large laceration to his forehead. You should:
Direct your partner to apply manual in- one support of the patient’s head
The MOST serious consequences of a poorly planned or rushed patient move is:
Injury to you or your patient
What condition or situation presents the MOST unique challenge to the EMT when immobilizing an elderly patient on a long backboard?
Abnormal spine curvature
In contrast to typical wheeled ambulance stretchers, features of a bariatric stretcher include:
Increased stability from a wider wheel base
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115 terms
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Search

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82 terms

mnshatto

Ch 6 emt

Emergency! Tenth edition

STUDY

PLAY

Persons who are 19-40 years of age
early adults
An infant reflex in which the infant starts sucking when his or her lips are stroked
sucking reflex
A bond between an infant and his/her parent or caregiver, in which the infant understands that his/her parents or caregivers will be responsive to his/her needs and take care of him/her when he or she needs help
secure attachment
A type of reasoning in which a child bases decisions on his or her conscience
postconventional reasoning
Persons who are from 1 month to 1 year of age
infants
A person who is 6 to 12 years of age
school age
a disorder in which cholesterol and calcium build up inside the walls of the blood vessels, forming plaque, which eventually leads to partial or complete blockage of blood flow.
atherosclerosis
An infant reflex that occurs when something touches an infant’s cheek, and the infant instinctively turns his or her head toward the touch.
rooting reflex
formation of a close, personal relationship
bonding
An infant reflex in which, when an infant is caught off guard, the infant opens his/her arms wide, spreads the fingers, and seems to grab at things
moro reflex
Areas where the infant’s skull has not fused together; usually disappear at approximately 18 months of age.
fontanelles
Persons who are 41-60 years of age
middle adults
Injury resulting from pressure disequilibrium across body surfaces; for example, from too much pressure in the lungs.
barotrauma
a type of reasoning in which a child looks for approval from peers and society
conventional reasoning
Persons who are 12 to 19 years of age
adolescents
Persons who are 61 years old or older
late adults
average amount of years a person can be expected to live
life expectancy
persons who are birth to 1 month of age
neonate
A bond between an infant and his or her parent or caregiver in which the infant is repeatedly rejected and develops an isolated lifestyle that does not depend on the support and care of others.
anxious-avoidant attachment
Persons who are 1 to 3 years of age
toddlers
basic filtering units in the kidneys
nephrons
an infant reflex that occurs when something is placed in the infant’s palm; the infant grasps the object
palmar grasp
Persons who are 3 to 6 years of age
preschoolers
A type of reasoning in which a child acts almost purely to avoid punishment to get what he or she wants
preconventional reasoning
The theory that a person’s mental function declines in the last 5 years of life.
terminal drop hypothesis
A phrase that refers to a stage of development from birth to approximately 18 months of age, during which infants gain trust of their parents or caregivers if their world is planned organized, and routine.
trust and mistrust
In late adults, the amount of air left in the lungs after expiration of the maximum amount of air:
increases, which hampers diffusion of gases because of stagnant air that remains in the alveoli.
Which of the following is an anatomic difference between children and adults?
An infant’s tongue is proportionately larger than an adult’s.
The pulse rate of a child from ages 6 to 12 years is approximately:
70 to 120 beats/min.
The average pulse rate of individuals between 19 and 60 years of age is typically:
70 beats/min.
An infant or small child’s airway can be occluded if it is overextended or overflexed because:
the occiput is proportionately large and the trachea is flexible.
Infants are often referred to as "belly breathers" because:
their rib cage is less rigid and the ribs sit horizontally.
Which of the following statements regarding an infant’s vital signs is correct?
A)
An infant’s heart rate generally ranges between 70 and 110 beats/min.
(CORRECT) B)
An infant’s normal body temperature is typically higher than a preschooler’s.
C)
By 6 months of age, an infant’s normal tidal volume is 2 to 4 mL/kg.
D)
An infant’s normal heart rate increases by 10 beats/min each month.
At present, the average life expectancy is ________ years, while the maximum life expectancy is estimated at ________ years.
78, 120
Which of the following is a physical change that typically occurs in the adolescent age group?
Secondary sexual development begins.
You are dispatched to a call for a 4-month-old infant with respiratory distress. While you prepare to take care of this child, you must remember that:
small infants are nose breathers and require clear nasal passages at all times.
Which of the following describes the Moro reflex?
The neonate opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers, and seems to grasp at something after being startled.
You are assessing a 13-month-old female who is running a fever and has been vomiting. While you are performing your physical examination on this child, you will MOST likely find that she:
A) is unable to track your movements with her eyes.
(CORRECT) B)
responds to her name but is fearful of your presence.
C)
will readily allow you to separate her from her mother.
D)
has bulging fontanelles secondary to severe dehydration.
Which of the following are noticeable characteristics of a 9-month-old infant?
(CORRECT) A)places objects in the mouth, pulls himself or herself up
B)
knows his or her name, can walk without any assistance
C)
responds to his or her name, crawls around efficiently
D)
walks without help, becomes frustrated with restrictions
According to the terminal drop hypothesis:
mental function is presumed to decline in the 5 years preceding death.
Which of the following statements regarding psychosocial development in the adolescent age group is correct?
(CORRECT) A)
Antisocial behavior and peer pressure peak around 14 to 16 years of age.
B)
Family conflict decreases as the adolescent gains control of his or her life.
C)
Adolescents are less fixated on their public image than younger children.
D)
Because they think rationally, adolescents are at the lowest risk for suicide.
Which of the following statements regarding age-related changes in the nervous system is correct?
(CORRECT) A)
Interconnections between brain cells often prevent a loss of knowledge or skill, despite a loss of neurons.
B)
The metabolic rate in the brain increases with age, but the consumption of oxygen decreases significantly.
C)
Generally speaking, the brain increases in size by 10% to 20% by the time a person reaches 80 years of age.
D)
Because of a decrease in the number of brain cells, a person’s level of intelligence decreases with age.
Which of the following statements regarding toddlers and preschoolers is correct?
A)
The normal respiratory rate in toddlers and preschoolers is between 12 and 20 breaths/min.
B)
Toddlers and preschoolers have well-developed lung musculature, even though they have less lung tissue.
C)
Muscle mass and bone density decrease in toddlers and preschoolers because of increased physical activity.
(CORRECT) D)
Toddlers and preschoolers commonly experience upper respiratory infections because of a loss of passive immunity.
The anterior fontanelle fuses together between the ages of:
9 and 18 months.
Breathing is often more labor intensive in older adults because the:
elasticity of the lungs decreases.
A 16-year-old female complains of vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping that began several hours ago. During your assessment interview, you should:
inquire about the possibility of pregnancy in private, if possible.
At what age does separation anxiety typically peak in infants and small children?
10 to 18 months
When assessing an 80-year old patient in shock, it is important to remember that:
age-related changes in the cardiovascular system may make the patient less able to compensate for decreased perfusion.
Physical changes that typically occur in early adults include an:
increase in fatty tissue, which leads to weight gain.
The human body should be functioning at its optimal level between the ages of:
19 and 25 years.
In preconventional reasoning, children:
act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want.
Factors that contribute to a decline in the vital capacity of an elderly patient include all of the following, EXCEPT:
increased surface area available for air exchange.
Which of the following is NOT a common factor that would affect a 75-year-old patient’s vital signs?
increased weight
When communicating with an older patient, it is important to remember that:
age-related changes diminish the effectiveness of the eyes and ears.
Which of the following statements regarding middle adults is correct?
(CORRECT ) A)
Cardiovascular health becomes an issue in this age group, as does the greater incidence of cancer.
B)
Women in the middle adult age group typically experience menopause in their late 50s or early 60s.
C)
Significant impairments in hearing and vision begin to occur in persons between the ages of 41 and 44 years.
D)
Increased cholesterol levels in the middle adult age group often do not respond to exercise and diet.
An infant’s blood pressure typically increases with age because:
blood pressure directly corresponds to body weight.
What is the normal pulse rate of a neonate?
90-180 beats/minute
Clingy behavior and fear of unfamiliar places and people, which usually occurs between ages 10 and 18 months, is called…
separation anxiety
Basic language is usually mastered by what age?
36 months
Children begin to develop their self-concept and self-esteem during what period of growth?
School age
which of the following groups is considered a "toddler"
CORRECT A) 1-3 years
B) 2-4 years
C) 3-6 years
D) 12-18 years
Which age group is most fixated on public image and terrified of being embarrassed
A) 1-3
B) 3-6
C) 6-12
(CORRECT) D)12-18
THe human body should be functioning at its optimal level in what age group?
19-40 years
Increasing cholesterol levels and decreased efficiency of the heart begins to become a concern for which age group?
41-60 years
Which of the following is true regarding the respiratory system of older adults?
A)The size of the airway increases.
B) The elasticity of the lungs decreases.
C) The strength of the intercostal muscles and diaphragm decreases.
(CORRECT) D) all of the above
Statistically, what percentage of the elderly live at home?
0.95
Normal pulse
60-100
normal respiration
12-20
normal systolic blood pressure
(12-18yrs) 90-110, in (19-60yrs) 90-140
normal temp
98.6
rooting reflex
infant reflex that occurs when something touches their cheek, and the infant turns his or her head toward teh touch
2 months
recognize ramilair faces, track objects with eyes
3 months
bring objects to teh mouth; can smile adn frown
4 months
reaches out to people; drools
5 months
sleeps thought night; can tell family from strangers
6 months
teething begins, sits upright in a chair, one-syllable words spoken
7 months
afraid of strangers; mood swings
8 months
responds to "no" can sit alone, plays peek a boo
9 months
pulls self up, places objects in mouth to explore them
10 months
responds to name, crawls
11 months
starts to walk, frustrated with restrictions
12 months
knows name, can walk
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