California mountain kingsnake

California mountain kingsnake

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Chihuahua Mountain Kingsnake

Lampropeltis pyromelana knoblochi

  • Family: Colubridae
  • Adult Size: Adults reach lengths of approximately 42 inches.
  • Range: Northern Mexico in the Mojarachic region of Chihuahua.
  • Habitat: Forests and mountainous rocky areas.
  • Captive Lifespan: 12 to 20 Years
  • Dangerous:
  • Care Level: Beginner


Cages should be escape proof, complete with water and hiding area. Kingsnakes and milk snakes must be housed separately (except during breeding season) because they are cannibalistic. Inexpensive enclosures such as plastic shoe or sweater boxes work well if there are ventilation holes drilled in the sides. Aquariums or home-made enclosures also work well if you want to display the snake. A variety of substrates may be used (aspen shavings, corn-cob-type rodent bedding or newspaper) to keep the animals clean, warm and dry.

Kingsnakes will feed on just about anything. They will consume warm-blooded prey such as rodents and birds, as well as cold-blooded prey such as lizards and frogs (in addition to other snakes).

Many species adapt well in captivity if kept between 80 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, with a nighttime temperature drop of five to 10 degrees. Temperature control is important as it maintains feeding response and digestion.

Care Sheet

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California mountain kingsnake

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California mountain kingsnake
Lampropeltis zonata multicincta.jpg
Lampropeltis zonata multicincta
Conservation status

Least Concern  ( IUCN 3.1 )
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Lampropeltis
L. zonata
Binomial name
Lampropeltis zonata

( Lockington , 1876 ex Blainville , 1835) [1]
  • Coluber (Zacholus) zonatus Blainville, 1835
  • Bellophis zonatus Lockington, 1876
  • Ophibolus getulus multicinctus Yarrow , 1882
  • Coronella zonata — Boulenger , 1894
  • Lampropeltis zonata — Fitch , 1936
    [2] [3]

Lampropeltis zonata, or the California mountain kingsnake, is a species of nonvenomous colubrid snake, which is endemic to North America . It is a coral snake mimic , having a similar pattern consisting of red, black, and yellow on its body, but the snake is completely harmless. Five subspecies are recognized in the U.S., including the nominotypical subspecies , with two subspecies recognized in Mexico. [1]


  • 1 Geographic Range
  • 2 Description
  • 3 Habitat
  • 4 Subspecies
  • 5 References

Geographic Range[ edit ]

The California mountain kingsnake is endemic to western North America, in the Western United States and northwest Mexico. It ranges from extreme southern Washington state, where it has a disjunct population, through Oregon and California , to northern Baja California . The majority of its range lies within the state of California, which is the reason for its common name.

Description[ edit ]

California mountain kingsnakes have a banded pattern that consists of red, black, and white crossbands. The bands are always arranged in the same order with each red crossband being surrounded by two black crossbands, forming what is called a triad. Each triad is separated from the next triad by a white crossband, or in some examples by a cream or yellow crossband. Some individuals may have reduced amounts of red pigment, and rare individuals may have virtually no red bands at all. One population from Isla Todos Santos always lacks the red crossbands and is instead uniformly banded with black and white, similar in appearance to the related California kingsnake .

Habitat[ edit ]

As its common name suggests, the California mountain kingsnake is found mostly in the mountains within its geographic range.

Subspecies[ edit ]

The following subspecies are valid:

  • Lampropeltis zonata multicincta ( Yarrow , 1882)
  • Lampropeltis zonata multifasciata ( Bocourt , 1886)
  • Lampropeltis zonata parvirubra Zweifel , 1952
  • Lampropeltis zonata pulchra Zweifel, 1952
  • Lampropeltis zonata zonata (Lockington, 1876 ex Blainville, 1835) [1]
  • Lampropeltis zonata agalma (Van Denburgh & Slevin, 1923)
  • Lampropeltis zonata herrerae (Van Denburgh & Slevin, 1923)

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  2. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, Printers.) xi + 382 pp. + Plates I.- XX. (Coronella zonata, p. 202-203.)
  3. ^ The Reptile Database.
Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata : Q2716258
  • Wikispecies : Lampropeltis zonata
  • ADW : Lampropeltis_zonata
  • EoL : 792584
  • GBIF : 5224449
  • iNaturalist : 371962
  • IRMNG: 10874415
  • ITIS : 174193
  • IUCN : 63834
  • NCBI : 94874

Retrieved from ” ”
Categories :

  • IUCN Red List least concern species
  • Lampropeltis
  • Reptiles of Mexico
  • Reptiles of the United States
  • Fauna of California
  • Reptiles described in 1835
Hidden categories:

  • Articles with ‘species’ microformats

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