Bolson tortoise (PDF) Plant cover effect on Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus …

Bolson tortoise (PDF) Plant cover effect on Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus …

Bolson tortoise

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Bolson tortoise
Itzelbolson1small.jpg
Bolson tortoise
Conservation status
width=”220″ height=”59″ srcset=”//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Status_iucn3.1_CR.svg/330px-Status_iucn3.1_CR.svg.png 1.5x, //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4b/Status_iucn3.1_CR.svg/440px-Status_iucn3.1_CR.svg.png 2x” data-file-width=”240″ data-file-height=”64″ />
Critically Endangered  ( IUCN 3.1 ) [1]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Testudinidae
Genus: Gopherus
Species:
G. flavomarginatus
Binomial name
Gopherus flavomarginatus

Legler , 1959
Synonyms [2]
  • Gopherus flavomarginatus Legler, 1959
  • Gopherus polyphemus flavomarginatus Wermuth & Mertens, 1961
  • Gopherus huecoensis Strain, 1966
  • Gopherus flavomarginata Auffenberg, 1974

The Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus), also called the Mexican giant tortoise or yellow-margined tortoise, is a species of tortoise from North America . Of the six North American tortoise species, it is the largest, having a carapace length of about 46 cm (18 in). It lives in a region of the Chihuahuan Desert known as the Bolsón de Mapimí , which is located in north-central Mexico .

Contents

  • 1 Discovery
  • 2 Declining population
  • 3 Appleton tortoises
  • 4 Rewilding
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Discovery[ edit ]

Mapimi Biosphere Reserve.jpg

The Bolson tortoise was discovered only in 1959. The legend is that a group of biologists working in the Bolsón de Mapimí were at a ranch and saw chickens eating out of a large tortoise shell. They inquired about the origin of the shell and the locals responded by saying that it was, “la tortuga grande del desierto,” the big turtle of the desert.

In 1979 the 340,000 hectare Mapimi Biosphere Reserve was created to protect the Bolson Tortoise and other unique flora and fauna of the Bolsón de Mapimí. Despite this designation, cattle ranching and mining still occur in the Reserve. Whether this is detrimental to the tortoise is not known.

Declining population[ edit ]

The most recent research, published in 1991 from data collected in 1983, estimates that fewer than 10,000 tortoises remain in the wild. Populations have declined mostly due to overcollecting for food and the pet trade. Incursion of roads, railroads and agricultural development have accelerated the decline of the species in the last 40 years. In the central portion of its range locals are keenly aware of the tortoise’s protected status and aid in its conservation. However, in the northeastern portion of its range, near La Sierra Mojada, populations of the tortoise are low. It is believed that tortoises are still collected and eaten in this area. Additionally, extensive brush clearing operations are being conducted to make way for cattle grazing. In 2008, following the construction of federally subsidized ethanol plants, extensive corn farming operations began within the Mapimi Biosphere Reserve. Farms have been tilled in tortoise habitat, despite its protected status.

Appleton tortoises[ edit ]

In the fall of 2006, 26 Bolson Tortoises were translocated from the Audubon Appleton-Whittell Research Ranch in Elgin, Arizona to Ted Turner ’s Armendaris Ranch in south-central New Mexico , a Chihuahuan desert environment within the prehistoric range of this species. These tortoises, known as the Appleton tortoises in commemoration of Ariel Appleton, a champion of Bolson tortoise conservation, were originally brought to Arizona from Durango , Mexico by Dr. David Morafka in 1973. Four tortoises from the Appleton population were established at the Living Desert Museum in Carlsbad, New Mexico . Both locations have active breeding programs in place.

Rewilding[ edit ]

The Bolson Tortoise was recently brought to the world’s attention when in August 2005 a provocative article on ” Pleistocene rewilding ” appeared in the journal Nature (Donlan, et al., 2005) proposing that megafauna that became extinct in North America at the close of the Pleistocene (~12,800 years ago) be reintroduced to the continent to create a Pleistocene Park . The Bolson tortoise was the first species proposed for this restoration effort. The tortoise is unique in that, unlike mammoths, sabre-toothed cats and giant ground sloths, it is not extinct . The Turner Endangered Species Fund, who re-introduced the tortoise to New Mexico, has made it clear that the restoration of the tortoise to the Southwest is an endangered species recovery project and not a “rewilding” project, although elements of rewilding exist.

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ van Dijk, P.P. & Flores-Villela, O. (2007). “Gopherus flavomarginatus” . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . IUCN . 2007: e.T9402A12983328. doi : 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T9402A12983328.en . Retrieved 9 November 2017.

  2. ^ Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). “Checklist of Chelonians of the World” (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 281. ISSN   1864-5755 . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  • Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group (1996). “Gopherus flavomarginatus” . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 11 May 2006. Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1d, B1+2bc, C1 v2.3)

External links[ edit ]

Wikispecies has information related to Gopherus flavomarginatus
  • [1]
  • [2]
  • v
  • t
  • e
Tortoise family of turtles (Testudinidae)
Genus
Species of the tortoise family
Aldabrachelys
  • Aldabra giant tortoise
Astrochelys
  • Angonoka tortoise
  • Radiated tortoise
Chelonoidis
  • Yellow-footed tortoise
  • Chaco tortoise
  • Galápagos tortoise ( species )
  • Red-footed tortoise
Chersina
  • Angulate tortoise
Centrochelys
  • African spurred tortoise
Chersobius
  • Nama padloper
  • Karoo padloper
  • Speckled padloper
Cylindraspis †
  • Domed Mauritius giant tortoise †
  • Domed Rodrigues giant tortoise †
  • Réunion giant tortoise †
  • Saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise †
  • Saddle-backed Rodrigues giant tortoise †
Geochelone
  • Burmese star tortoise
  • Indian star tortoise
Gopherus
  • Bolson tortoise
  • Desert tortoise
  • Gopher tortoise
  • Sonoran Desert tortoise
  • Texas tortoise
Homopus
  • Common padloper
  • Greater padloper
Indotestudo
  • Elongated tortoise
  • Forsten’s tortoise
  • Travancore tortoise
Kinixys
  • Bell’s hinge-back tortoise
  • Forest hinge-back tortoise
  • Home’s hinge-back tortoise
  • Lobatse hinge-back tortoise
  • Natal hinge-back tortoise
  • Speke’s hinge-back tortoise
Malacochersus
  • Pancake tortoise
Manouria
  • Asian forest tortoise
  • Impressed tortoise
Psammobates
  • Geometric tortoise
  • Serrated tortoise
  • Tent tortoise
Pyxis
  • Flat-backed spider tortoise
  • Spider tortoise
Stigmochelys
  • Leopard tortoise
Testudo
  • Hermann’s tortoise
  • Kleinmann’s tortoise
  • Marginated tortoise
  • Russian tortoise
  • Spur-thighed tortoise
Phylogenetic arrangement based on turtles of the world 2012 update: annotated checklist . Key: †=extinct.
  • v
  • t
  • e
Extant turtle taxonomy
  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Subclass: Anapsida
  • Order: Chelonii or Testudines
Suborder
Superfamily
Family
Subfamily
Genus
Cryptodira
 
Chelydridae
 
  • Chelydra
  • Macrochelys
Chelonioidea
Cheloniidae
Carettinae
  • Caretta
  • Lepidochelys
Cheloniinae
  • Chelonia
  • Eretmochelys
  • Natator
Dermochelyidae
 
  • Dermochelys
Kinosternoidea
Dermatemydidae
 
  • Dermatemys
Kinosternidae
Kinosterninae
  • Kinosternon
  • Sternotherus
Staurotypinae
  • Claudius
  • Staurotypus
Testudinoidea
Emydidae
Deirochelyinae
  • Chrysemys
  • Deirochelys
  • Graptemys
  • Malaclemys
  • Pseudemys
  • Trachemys
Emydinae
  • Clemmys
  • Emys
  • Glyptemys
  • Terrapene
Geoemydidae
Geoemydinae
  • Batagur
  • Cuora
  • Cyclemys
  • Geoclemys
  • Geoemyda
  • Hardella
  • Heosemys
  • Leucocephalon
  • Malayemys
  • Mauremys
  • Melanochelys
  • Morenia
  • Notochelys
  • Orlitia
  • Pangshura
  • Sacalia
  • Siebenrockiella
  • Vijayachelys
Rhinoclemmydinae
  • Rhinoclemmys
  Platysternidae
 
  • Platysternon
Testudinidae
 
  • Aldabrachelys
  • Astrochelys
  • Chelonoidis
  • Chersina
  • Cylindraspis
  • Geochelone
  • Gopherus
  • Homopus
  • Indotestudo
  • Kinixys
  • Malacochersus
  • Manouria
  • Psammobates
  • Pyxis
  • Stigmochelys
  • Testudo
Trionychia
Carettochelyidae
 
  • Carettochelys
Trionychidae
Cyclanorbinae
  • Cyclanorbis
  • Cycloderma
  • Lissemys
Trionychinae
  • Amyda
  • Apalone
  • Chitra
  • Dogania
  • Nilssonia
  • Palea
  • Pelochelys
  • Pelodiscus
  • Rafetus
  • Trionyx
Pleurodira
 
Chelidae
Chelinae
  • Acanthochelys
  • Chelus
  • Mesoclemmys
  • Phrynops
  • Platemys
  • Rhinemys
Chelodininae
  • Chelodina
  • Elseya
  • Elusor
  • Emydura
  • Flaviemys
  • Myuchelys
  • Pseudemydura
  • Rheodytes
Hydromedusinae
  • Hydromedusa
Pelomedusidae
 
  • Pelomedusa
  • Pelusios
Podocnemididae
 
  • Erymnochelys
  • Peltocephalus
  • Podocnemis
  • Phylogenetic arrangement based on turtles of the world 2012 update: annotated checklist . Extinct turtles not included.
  • Portal Portal Wikipedia book Book See also List of Testudines families
Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata : Q304573
  • Wikispecies : Gopherus flavomarginatus
  • ADW : Gopherus_flavomarginatus
  • ARKive : gopherus-flavomarginatus
  • ECOS: 6603
  • EoL : 456480
  • Fossilworks : 105221
  • GBIF : 2441819
  • iNaturalist : 40084
  • IRMNG: 11078700
  • ITIS : 202114
  • IUCN : 9402
  • NCBI : 286002
  • RD : flavomarginatus
  • SeaLifeBase : 67475
  • Species+ : 9575

Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bolson_tortoise&oldid=868894481 ”
Categories :

  • IUCN Red List critically endangered species
  • Gopherus
  • Fauna of the Chihuahuan Desert
  • Reptiles of the United States
  • Fauna of the Southwestern United States
  • Reptiles of Mexico
  • Species endangered by the pet trade
  • Reptiles described in 1959
Hidden categories:

  • Articles with ‘species’ microformats

Navigation menu

Personal tools

  • Not logged in
  • Talk
  • Contributions
  • Create account
  • Log in

Namespaces

  • Article
  • Talk

Variants

    Views

    • Read
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    More


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      Bolson tortoise

      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Jump to navigation
      Jump to search

      Bolson tortoise
      Itzelbolson1small.jpg
      Bolson tortoise
      Conservation status

      Critically Endangered  ( IUCN 3.1 ) [1]
      Scientific classification edit
      Kingdom: Animalia
      Phylum: Chordata
      Class: Reptilia
      Order: Testudines
      Suborder: Cryptodira
      Family: Testudinidae
      Genus: Gopherus
      Species:
      G. flavomarginatus
      Binomial name
      Gopherus flavomarginatus

      Legler , 1959
      Synonyms [2]
      • Gopherus flavomarginatus Legler, 1959
      • Gopherus polyphemus flavomarginatus Wermuth & Mertens, 1961
      • Gopherus huecoensis Strain, 1966
      • Gopherus flavomarginata Auffenberg, 1974

      The Bolson tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus), also called the Mexican giant tortoise or yellow-margined tortoise, is a species of tortoise from North America . Of the six North American tortoise species, it is the largest, having a carapace length of about 46 cm (18 in). It lives in a region of the Chihuahuan Desert known as the Bolsón de Mapimí , which is located in north-central Mexico .

      Contents

      • 1 Discovery
      • 2 Declining population
      • 3 Appleton tortoises
      • 4 Rewilding
      • 5 References
      • 6 External links

      Discovery[ edit ]

      Mapimi Biosphere Reserve.jpg

      The Bolson tortoise was discovered only in 1959. The legend is that a group of biologists working in the Bolsón de Mapimí were at a ranch and saw chickens eating out of a large tortoise shell. They inquired about the origin of the shell and the locals responded by saying that it was, “la tortuga grande del desierto,” the big turtle of the desert.

      In 1979 the 340,000 hectare Mapimi Biosphere Reserve was created to protect the Bolson Tortoise and other unique flora and fauna of the Bolsón de Mapimí. Despite this designation, cattle ranching and mining still occur in the Reserve. Whether this is detrimental to the tortoise is not known.

      Declining population[ edit ]

      The most recent research, published in 1991 from data collected in 1983, estimates that fewer than 10,000 tortoises remain in the wild. Populations have declined mostly due to overcollecting for food and the pet trade. Incursion of roads, railroads and agricultural development have accelerated the decline of the species in the last 40 years. In the central portion of its range locals are keenly aware of the tortoise’s protected status and aid in its conservation. However, in the northeastern portion of its range, near La Sierra Mojada, populations of the tortoise are low. It is believed that tortoises are still collected and eaten in this area. Additionally, extensive brush clearing operations are being conducted to make way for cattle grazing. In 2008, following the construction of federally subsidized ethanol plants, extensive corn farming operations began within the Mapimi Biosphere Reserve. Farms have been tilled in tortoise habitat, despite its protected status.

      Appleton tortoises[ edit ]

      In the fall of 2006, 26 Bolson Tortoises were translocated from the Audubon Appleton-Whittell Research Ranch in Elgin, Arizona to Ted Turner ’s Armendaris Ranch in south-central New Mexico , a Chihuahuan desert environment within the prehistoric range of this species. These tortoises, known as the Appleton tortoises in commemoration of Ariel Appleton, a champion of Bolson tortoise conservation, were originally brought to Arizona from Durango , Mexico by Dr. David Morafka in 1973. Four tortoises from the Appleton population were established at the Living Desert Museum in Carlsbad, New Mexico . Both locations have active breeding programs in place.

      Rewilding[ edit ]

      The Bolson Tortoise was recently brought to the world’s attention when in August 2005 a provocative article on ” Pleistocene rewilding ” appeared in the journal Nature (Donlan, et al., 2005) proposing that megafauna that became extinct in North America at the close of the Pleistocene (~12,800 years ago) be reintroduced to the continent to create a Pleistocene Park . The Bolson tortoise was the first species proposed for this restoration effort. The tortoise is unique in that, unlike mammoths, sabre-toothed cats and giant ground sloths, it is not extinct . The Turner Endangered Species Fund, who re-introduced the tortoise to New Mexico, has made it clear that the restoration of the tortoise to the Southwest is an endangered species recovery project and not a “rewilding” project, although elements of rewilding exist.

      References[ edit ]

      1. ^ van Dijk, P.P. & Flores-Villela, O. (2007). “Gopherus flavomarginatus” . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . IUCN . 2007: e.T9402A12983328. doi : 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T9402A12983328.en . Retrieved 9 November 2017.

      2. ^ Fritz Uwe; Peter Havaš (2007). “Checklist of Chelonians of the World” (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 281. ISSN   1864-5755 . Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
      • Tortoise & Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group (1996). “Gopherus flavomarginatus” . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature . Retrieved 11 May 2006. Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1d, B1+2bc, C1 v2.3)

      External links[ edit ]

      Wikispecies has information related to Gopherus flavomarginatus
      • [1]
      • [2]
      • v
      • t
      • e
      Tortoise family of turtles (Testudinidae)
      Genus
      Species of the tortoise family
      Aldabrachelys
      • Aldabra giant tortoise
      Astrochelys
      • Angonoka tortoise
      • Radiated tortoise
      Chelonoidis
      • Yellow-footed tortoise
      • Chaco tortoise
      • Galápagos tortoise ( species )
      • Red-footed tortoise
      Chersina
      • Angulate tortoise
      Centrochelys
      • African spurred tortoise
      Chersobius
      • Nama padloper
      • Karoo padloper
      • Speckled padloper
      Cylindraspis †
      • Domed Mauritius giant tortoise †
      • Domed Rodrigues giant tortoise †
      • Réunion giant tortoise †
      • Saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise †
      • Saddle-backed Rodrigues giant tortoise †
      Geochelone
      • Burmese star tortoise
      • Indian star tortoise
      Gopherus
      • Bolson tortoise
      • Desert tortoise
      • Gopher tortoise
      • Sonoran Desert tortoise
      • Texas tortoise
      Homopus
      • Common padloper
      • Greater padloper
      Indotestudo
      • Elongated tortoise
      • Forsten’s tortoise
      • Travancore tortoise
      Kinixys
      • Bell’s hinge-back tortoise
      • Forest hinge-back tortoise
      • Home’s hinge-back tortoise
      • Lobatse hinge-back tortoise
      • Natal hinge-back tortoise
      • Speke’s hinge-back tortoise
      Malacochersus
      • Pancake tortoise
      Manouria
      • Asian forest tortoise
      • Impressed tortoise
      Psammobates
      • Geometric tortoise
      • Serrated tortoise
      • Tent tortoise
      Pyxis
      • Flat-backed spider tortoise
      • Spider tortoise
      Stigmochelys
      • Leopard tortoise
      Testudo
      • Hermann’s tortoise
      • Kleinmann’s tortoise
      • Marginated tortoise
      • Russian tortoise
      • Spur-thighed tortoise
      Phylogenetic arrangement based on turtles of the world 2012 update: annotated checklist . Key: †=extinct.
      • v
      • t
      • e
      Extant turtle taxonomy
      • Kingdom: Animalia
      • Phylum: Chordata
      • Class: Reptilia
      • Subclass: Anapsida
      • Order: Chelonii or Testudines
      Suborder
      Superfamily
      Family
      Subfamily
      Genus
      Cryptodira
       
      Chelydridae
       
      • Chelydra
      • Macrochelys
      Chelonioidea
      Cheloniidae
      Carettinae
      • Caretta
      • Lepidochelys
      Cheloniinae
      • Chelonia
      • Eretmochelys
      • Natator
      Dermochelyidae
       
      • Dermochelys
      Kinosternoidea
      Dermatemydidae
       
      • Dermatemys
      Kinosternidae
      Kinosterninae
      • Kinosternon
      • Sternotherus
      Staurotypinae
      • Claudius
      • Staurotypus
      Testudinoidea
      Emydidae
      Deirochelyinae
      • Chrysemys
      • Deirochelys
      • Graptemys
      • Malaclemys
      • Pseudemys
      • Trachemys
      Emydinae
      • Clemmys
      • Emys
      • Glyptemys
      • Terrapene
      Geoemydidae
      Geoemydinae
      • Batagur
      • Cuora
      • Cyclemys
      • Geoclemys
      • Geoemyda
      • Hardella
      • Heosemys
      • Leucocephalon
      • Malayemys
      • Mauremys
      • Melanochelys
      • Morenia
      • Notochelys
      • Orlitia
      • Pangshura
      • Sacalia
      • Siebenrockiella
      • Vijayachelys
      Rhinoclemmydinae
      • Rhinoclemmys
        Platysternidae
       
      • Platysternon
      Testudinidae
       
      • Aldabrachelys
      • Astrochelys
      • Chelonoidis
      • Chersina
      • Cylindraspis
      • Geochelone
      • Gopherus
      • Homopus
      • Indotestudo
      • Kinixys
      • Malacochersus
      • Manouria
      • Psammobates
      • Pyxis
      • Stigmochelys
      • Testudo
      Trionychia
      Carettochelyidae
       
      • Carettochelys
      Trionychidae
      Cyclanorbinae
      • Cyclanorbis
      • Cycloderma
      • Lissemys
      Trionychinae
      • Amyda
      • Apalone
      • Chitra
      • Dogania
      • Nilssonia
      • Palea
      • Pelochelys
      • Pelodiscus
      • Rafetus
      • Trionyx
      Pleurodira
       
      Chelidae
      Chelinae
      • Acanthochelys
      • Chelus
      • Mesoclemmys
      • Phrynops
      • Platemys
      • Rhinemys
      Chelodininae
      • Chelodina
      • Elseya
      • Elusor
      • Emydura
      • Flaviemys
      • Myuchelys
      • Pseudemydura
      • Rheodytes
      Hydromedusinae
      • Hydromedusa
      Pelomedusidae
       
      • Pelomedusa
      • Pelusios
      Podocnemididae
       
      • Erymnochelys
      • Peltocephalus
      • Podocnemis
      • Phylogenetic arrangement based on turtles of the world 2012 update: annotated checklist . Extinct turtles not included.
      • Portal Portal Wikipedia book Book See also List of Testudines families
      Taxon identifiers
      • Wikidata : Q304573
      • Wikispecies : Gopherus flavomarginatus
      • ADW : Gopherus_flavomarginatus
      • ARKive : gopherus-flavomarginatus
      • ECOS: 6603
      • EoL : 456480
      • Fossilworks : 105221
      • GBIF : 2441819
      • iNaturalist : 40084
      • IRMNG: 11078700
      • ITIS : 202114
      • IUCN : 9402
      • NCBI : 286002
      • RD : flavomarginatus
      • SeaLifeBase : 67475
      • Species+ : 9575

      Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bolson_tortoise&oldid=868894481 ”
      Categories :

      • IUCN Red List critically endangered species
      • Gopherus
      • Fauna of the Chihuahuan Desert
      • Reptiles of the United States
      • Fauna of the Southwestern United States
      • Reptiles of Mexico
      • Species endangered by the pet trade
      • Reptiles described in 1959
      Hidden categories:

      • Articles with ‘species’ microformats

      Navigation menu

      Personal tools

      • Not logged in
      • Talk
      • Contributions
      • Create account
      • Log in

      Namespaces

      • Article
      • Talk

      Variants

        Views

        • Read
        • Edit
        • View history

        More


          Navigation

          • Main page
          • Contents
          • Featured content
          • Current events
          • Random article
          • Donate to Wikipedia
          • Wikipedia store

          Interaction

          • Help
          • About Wikipedia
          • Community portal
          • Recent changes
          • Contact page

          Tools

          • What links here
          • Related changes
          • Upload file
          • Special pages
          • Permanent link
          • Page information
          • Wikidata item
          • Cite this page

          Print/export

          • Create a book
          • Download as PDF
          • Printable version

          In other projects

          • Wikimedia Commons
          • Wikispecies

          Languages

          • العربية
          • Català
          • Cebuano
          • Deutsch
          • Español
          • Euskara
          • Français
          • Magyar
          • Nederlands
          • 日本語
          • پنجابی
          • Русский
          • Српски / srpski
          • Svenska
          • Українська
          • Tiếng Việt
          • Winaray
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          Animals America

          Bolson Tortoise

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          • Click to enlarge image 1Bolson Tortoise range map.jpg
            Mexico



          • Click to enlarge image 2bolson.jpg
            See more pictures


          •  
          View the embedded image gallery online at:

          http://www.elpasozoo.org/animals/americas/bolson-tortoise#sigProGalleria8d0e51d89f

          GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: 
          Small area in Northern Mexico where the States of Chihuahua, Durango and Coahuila meet.

          DIET:  
          Feed mainly on Tobosa bunch grass.  At the El Paso Zoo they are fed salad greens.

          HABITAT: 
          Chihuahuan Desert scrub habitat dominated by creosote bush and Tobosa bunch grass.

          DESCRIPTION: 
          Flavomarginatus derives from Latin flavis meaning yellow and marginatus meaning edge or border and refers to the coloration of the marginal scutes.

          DID YOU KNOW? 
          These tortoises live in colonies of up to 100 individuals. They forage for food during early and late daylight hours. During the rest of day they hide from sun inside their burrows. The bolson tortoise is the largest reptilian, terrestrial, herbivore in North America. The El Paso Zoo is working with a group of veterinarians and biologists as a part of the bolson tortoise reintroduction project managed by the Turner Endangered Species Fund. This conservation project was created in an effort to grow the bolson tortoise population to a size that will allow release in the wild.

          MORE ABOUT OUR ANIMALS: 
          The El Paso Zoo is currently home to a small group of bolson tortoises including some bolson tortoise hybrids living in the America Lands exhibit.   There are also some younger bolson tortoises living in a smaller exhibit outside the front entrance to the El Paso Water Utilities Discovery Education Center.   

          HOW CAN YOU GET INVOLVED IN CONSERVATION EFFORTS: 
          Read about bolson tortoises online and check out books from your local library. Become a member of the El Paso Zoological Society. Funds raised by the Society are used to support conservation efforts at the Zoo and in the wild.  

          JUST FOR KIDS: 
          During the spring, summer and fall you can often see five species of tortoises in the El Paso Zoo.  During the warmer months for a special fun experience while visiting the Zoo see how many different species of tortoises you can find. There is one species in Africa and four species in the Americas.

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