boise state msw Checks and Balances Flashcards | Quizlet

 
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ksapone

Checks and Balances

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What are checks and balances?
A system in which each branch of government can "check" or control, the actions of the other branches. It keeps each branch from becoming too powerful.
Who makes up the Legislative branch?
Congress, which is divided into two parts: The Senate and The House of Representatives
Who makes up the Executive branch?
President, Vice President Cabinet
Who makes up the Judicial branch?
Supreme Court and federal courts
Give examples of EXECUTIVE branch checking LEGISLATIVE branch
President can approve/veto laws
How does the SENATE check the EXECUTIVE branch (President)
SENATE…
1. approves presidential nominations
2. approves presidential treaties
3. tries presidential impeachment cases
How does the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES check the PRESIDENT
HOUSE …
has the sole power of impeachment
How does CONGRESS check PRESIDENT
CONGRESS….
1. declares war
2. overrides presidential vetos
How does the SENATE check the SUPREME COURT
SENATE…
1. approves justice nominations
2. approves treaties reviewed by Supreme Court
How does PRESIDENT check CONGRESS
PRESIDENT can approve/veto laws
How does PRESIDENT check SUPREME COURT
PRESIDENT nominates Supreme Court justices
How does SUPREME COURT check President
SUPREME COURT…
1. can declare presidential acts unconstitutional
2. can review treaties made by President
3. Chief Justice presides over impeachment trials
How does SUPREME COURT check Congress
SUPREME COURT can declare laws unconstutitional
What are ENUMERATED powers?
Powers given to the FEDERAL government by the Constutition
What are RESERVED powers?
Powers given to the STATES
What are CONCURRENT powers?
Powers SHARED by FEDERAL and STATE GOVERNMENTS
Name some of the Enumerated (Federal) powers
1. coin money
2. maintain army and navy
3. declare war
4. regulate trade with other countries and BETWEEN states
Name some of the Reserved (state) powers
1. make marriage and divorce laws
2. regulate trade IN a state
3. conduct elections
4. establish local governments
Name some Concurrent powers
1. Raise taxes
2. borrow money
3. provide for the general welfare
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7 terms

teachforva

Checks and Balances

Match the Process with the correct Branch of Government

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Checks and Balances
This system gives each of the three branches of government ways to limit the powers of the other branches.
Executive Branch
The Legislative Branch has the power to override vetoes and impeach a President over this branch.
Judicial Branch
The Legislative Branch has the power to approve and impeach federal judges over this branch.
Legislative Branch
The Executive Branch has the power to veto acts of congress and call congress into special sessions over this branch.
Judicial Branch
The Executive branch has the power to appoint federal judges over this branch.
Legislative Branch
The Judicial branch declares laws unconstitutional over this branch.
Executive Branch
The Judicial branch declares executive acts unconstitutional over this branch.
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