AP Gov Ch.6 Flashcards AP GOV Section 4 TEST Flashcards

 
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18 terms

kevmailangkay

AP Government Vocabulary Chapter 6

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Ballot Fatigue
The farther down the ballot an office is the fewer the number of votes that will be cast for it
Compulsion Penalties
A consequence that discourages non-voting
Eligible (Voting-Age) Population
The population of U.S. citizens that are at old enough to vote
Fifteenth Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
Grandfather Clause
Said that a citizen could vote only if his grandfather had been able to vote. At the time, the grandfathers of black men in the South had been slaves with no right to vote. Another method for disenfranchising blacks
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Literacy Test
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
Motor Voter Act 1993
Signed into law by President Clinton, it enables people to register to vote at motor vehicle departments
Name Recognition
Office holders have an advantage over challengers in election campaigns because voters are more familiar with them, and office holders are more recognizable
Nineteenth Amendment
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
Political Mandate
Federal requirement that state and local governments take certain action
Poll Tax
A tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
Registered Voters
People who are registered to vote
Suffrage
A legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution
Twenty-Sixth Amendment
Amendment that changed the legal voting age from 21 to 18
Universal Manhood Suffrage
Giving all adult men the right to vote
Voter Turnout
The total number of votes cast
Voting Rights Act 1965
A law designed to help end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage. Under the law, hundreds of thousands of African Americans were registered and the number of African American elected officials increased dramatically
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9 terms

Naty18

AP Gov Ch.6

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Voting-age population
Citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching the minimum age requirement
Registered voters
those legally eligible to vote who have registered in accordance with the requirements prevailing in their state and locality
Motor-voter law
Making registration easier by allowing you to register while getting a driver’s license
literacy
the ability to read and write
Poll tax
a tax a person is required to pay before he or she is allowed to vote. Poll taxes were used in many southern states after the Reconstruction period to restrict African-American citizens’ right to vote.
Grandfather clause
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
White primary
the practice of keeping blacks from voting in the southern states’ primaries through arbitrary use of registration requirements and intimidation
Australian ballot
A government printed ballot of uniform size and shape to be cast in secret that was adopted by many states around 1890 in order to reduce the voting fraud associated with party printed ballots cast in public.
Activists
Individuals, usually outside of government, who actively promote a political party, philosophy, or issue they care about.
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