Alcohol measurements Measurement Guide —

Alcohol measurements Measurement Guide —

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Alcohol measurements

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Alcohol measurements are units of measurement for determining amounts of beverage alcohol .


  • 1 Beer measures
  • 2 Liquor measurements
  • 3 Liquor bottles
  • 4 Wine measurements
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Beer measures[ edit ]

Full and half pint beer glasses

Name US customary units Imperial units Metric units (approx.)Notes
snorkel2 US fl. oz. 59.15 milliliters (mL)
nip⅓ imp. pint 189.42 mL Barley wine was usually bottled in nips [1]
small½ US pint 236.59 mL
half½ imp. pint284.13 mL
large1 US pint473.18 mL
pint 1 imp. pint568.26 mL
bomber22 US fl. oz. 650.62 mL
flagon 1 US quart 946.35 mL
4040 US fl. oz. 1.18 liters (L) Malt liquor is often bottled in “40’s”
pitcher60 US fl. oz. 1.77 LCan also be 32 or 48 US fl oz. Note that a 60 US fl oz pitcher is 4 US fl oz less than 4 US pints.
growler64 US fl. oz. 1.89 L
pin4.5 imp. gal. 20.46 L
pony keg 7.75 US gal. 29.33 LQuarter US beer barrel
anker10 US gal.37.85 L
firkin 9 imp. gal.40.91 L2 pins
keg 15.5 US gal.58.67 LHalf US beer barrel
kilderkin 18 imp. gal.81.83 L2 firkins
US barrel 31 US gal. [2] 117.35 L2 kegs
UK barrel 36 imp. gal.163.66 L2 kilderkins
hogshead 54 imp. gal.245.49 L6 firkins or 3 kilderkins
puncheon 72 imp. gal.327.32 L2 barrels
butt 108 imp. gal.490.98 L2 hogshead
tun 216 imp. gal.981.96 L3 puncheons or 2 butts

Liquor measurements[ edit ]

The following table lists common sizes for liquors and spirits. [3] [4]

Name US customary units Imperial units English units Metric units (direct conversion) Metric units (legal/convention)Notes
Hint1128 tsp [5]
Drop164 tsp [5]
Dash18 tsp [5]
Bartender’s Teaspoon (U.S.) or Splash [5] 18 fl oz [6]
Count0.5 fl oz14.8 mL15 mLUsing calibrated pour spouts that restrict flow to 0.5 fl oz/s
Bartender’s Tablespoon (U.S.)38 fl oz [6]
16 Gill (Imp.)56 fl. oz.23.7 mL25 mLLegal serving of spirits (Gin, rum, vodka and whisky) defined in 1963 Weights and Measures Act (1963-1984)
Shot (U.K.)25 mL or 35 mLLegal serving of spirits (Gin, rum, vodka and whisky) in the U.K. since 1985. [7]
roquille (France)~29.75 mlA measure of spirits [8] in the Ancien Régime of France (before 1795), being ​132 of a French pinte (~952.1 ml).
15 Gill (Scottish)1 fl. oz.28.4 mlTraditional Scottish spirits measure
14 Gill (Irish)1​14 oz.35.5 ml35 mlTraditional Irish spirits measure
Pony (U.S.)1.0 fl oz30 mLDefined as ​12 of a jigger. [9] Was used to measure a cordial.
Pony (Eng.)34 fl oz(6 dram) May be derived from holding a “pennyworth” of beer.
Jigger (U.S.)1.5 fl oz45 mLTypical size after U.S. Prohibition, but varies
Short shot (U.S.)1.5 fl oz45 mL [10] :12
Jigger (Imp.)18 Gill35.52 mLLegal U.K. spirits measure from 1826 to 1984, for Gin, rum, vodka and whisky.
Jigger (Eng.)1.5 fl oz(3 tablespoons, 2 pony)
Jigger (U.S.)2.0 fl oz60 mLBefore U.S. Prohibition [10]
Hooker2.5 fl oz1 ​14 jigger [10] :12 (5 tablespoons)
Snit3.0 fl oz88.72 mLTwo jiggers.
Gill (U.S.)4.0 fl oz118.294 mL120 mLPronounced “jill”, historically equivalent to two jacks, half a cup, or a quarter pint. [11] [12]
Gill (Imp.)5.0 fl oz142.065 mLPronounced “jill”, historically equivalent to two jacks, half a cup, or a quarter pint. [11] [12] May also be an eighth of a pint in Scotland, or half a pint of beer in parts of England. [13]
JackHistorically equivalent to two jiggers or handfuls, or half a gill. [11] [12] No longer in general use.

Liquor bottles[ edit ]

Name US customary units Imperial units Metric units Notes
Miniature 1.7 US fl oz1.8 Imp fl oz50 mLTypically served on airline flights. Also known as a “nip” in certain locales.
half pint6.87.0200 mLCalled a naggin in Ireland. [14] Called a “dickie” in Canada.
shoulder11.812.3350 mLCommon in Ireland; also called a ” daddy naggin “ [15]
pint12.713.2375 mL [16] Called a mickey in Canada.
European spirit bottle23.71 pt 4.6 fl oz700 mLCommon worldwide outside the Americas.
fifth 25.61 pt 6.4 fl oz750 mLFormerly 0.2 gal. or 25.6 oz., equivalent to 757 mL. Called a “two six” or “26er” in Canada; as in 26oz, also known as a “BOTII” in Kenya.
1.14 liter38.52 pints1.14 LReferred to as a “40” in Canada and a liter in the United States.
half gallon59.23 pts 1.6 fl oz1.75 LAlso known as a “handle”, due to most 1.75 L bottles having a handle. Called a “60” or “60-pounder” in Canada; as in 60oz.
Texas Mickey3.0 LOften seen in Canada for celebratory purposes. Usually contains vodka, rum or whisky .
Comes with a small pump to dispense the liquor, as it is too heavy and unwieldy to pour.

Wine measurements[ edit ]

The following table contains various measurements that are commonly applied to wine . [17]

Name US fluid ounces (approx.) Metric units No. of 750 mL bottlesNotes
Quarter bottle6.3187.5 mL¼Also known as a piccolo[ citation needed ], pony[ citation needed ], snipe[ citation needed ] or split[ citation needed ]
Chopine8.5250 mL Bordeaux region
Half bottle12.7375 mL½Also known as a demi[ citation needed ]
Bottle25.4750 mL1
Litre33.81 L1⅓Popular size for Austrian wines[ citation needed ]
Magnum50.71.5 L2
Double Magnum101.43 L4Bordeaux region
Jeroboam101.43 L4 Champagne region
Jeroboam152.24.5 L6Bordeaux region
Rehoboam152.24.5 L6Champagne and Burgundy regions
Imperial202.96 L8Bordeaux region
Methuselah202.96 L8Champagne and Burgundy regions
Salmanazar304.39 L12
Balthazar405.812 L16
Nebuchadnezzar507.215 L20
Melchior608.718 L24

References[ edit ]

  • Schott’s Original Miscellany
  1. ^ “Nipperkin” . World Wide Words: Investigating the English language across the globe. Retrieved 11 September 2016.

  2. ^ 27 CFR § 25.11.
  3. ^ Liquor Bottle Size
  4. ^ “Bartending/Glossary/Table of measures and conversions” . Wikibooks. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d eliacopoulos, lew. “Dash, Pinch, and Smidgen and other Unusual Measurements” . Festibrate: Your Holiday & Seasonal Guide for Food & Lifestyle. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ. “How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measurement” . University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  7. ^ Gov.UK. “Weights and measures: the law” . Official U.K. Government website. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  8. ^ Schwarz-Bart, Simone. “Schwarz-Bart: Pluie et Vent sur Télumée Miracle” . Retrieved 2016-09-29.
  9. ^ Kappeler, George J. (1895). Modern American Drinks: How to Mix and Serve All Kinds of Cups and Drinks . p. 19.
  10. ^ a b c Willett, Andrew (2016). Elemental Mixology . p. 8. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  11. ^ a b c Klein, Herbert Arthur (1974). The Science of Measurement: A Historical Survey . New York: Dover Publications, Inc. p. 34. ISBN   0-486-25839-4 . Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Singer, Charles (November 29, 1952). “Nova et Vetera – Ancient Egyptian Medicine” (PDF). British Medical Journal . 2: 1201. doi : 10.1136/bmj.2.4795.1201 . PMC   2021913 . PMID   12997700 .
  13. ^ International Dictionary of Food and Cooking by Charles Gordon Sinclair, ISBN   1-57958-057-2 , published by Taylor & Francis, 1998
  14. ^ MacNamee, Garreth (12 February 2015). “Sneaky Naggin: Students downing dangerous levels of spirits after new drinking trend takes hold” .
  15. ^ “The naggin – An Acre of Pints” .
  16. ^ Elizabeth E. Epstein; Barbara S. McCrady. Overcoming Alcohol Use Problems: A Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment Program. Oxford University Press. p. 7.
  17. ^ Wine Measurements Guide

Further reading[ edit ]

  • Mescher, Virginia. “When is a Cup Not a Cup?” (PDF). Ragged Soldier Sutlery and Vintage Volumes. Retrieved 4 September 2016.

External links[ edit ]

  • Conversion Calculator for Units of Volume
  • A Dictionary of Units of Measurement
  • Measurements

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